Viking Cruises


Viking[3] (formerly Viking Cruises) is a cruise line providing river, ocean, and expedition cruises. Its operating headquarters are in Basel, Switzerland,[4] and its marketing headquarters are in Los Angeles, California.[5]

Viking
TypePrivate
IndustryTravel and tourism
Founded1997 (1997)
Headquarters
Key people
Torstein Hagen,
Founder, Chairman
Karine Hagen,
Senior Vice President
ProductsRiver cruises
Ocean cruises
Expedition cruises
Revenue£97.03 million (2017)[1]
Number of employees
5,000+ (2017)[2]
SubsidiariesViking River Cruises
Viking Ocean Cruises
Viking Expeditions
Websitevikingcruises.com

The company has three divisions, Viking River Cruises, Viking Ocean Cruises, and Viking Expeditions. As of February 2020, it operates a fleet of 76 river vessels and 6 ocean ships, offering cruises along the rivers and oceans of North and South America, the Caribbean, Europe, Russia, Egypt, China, and Southeast Asia.

History


Development

The company was established by Torstein Hagen in St. Petersburg, Russia as Viking River Cruises in 1997. Hagen had become involved in cruising as a McKinsey and Co. consultant who helped the Holland America Line survive the 1973 oil crisis, then was CEO of Royal Viking Line from 1980 to 1984, made money in the Russian private equity markets, then bought a controlling stake in a Dutch shipping company that failed in the mid-1990s, leaving him almost bankrupt. In 1997, Hagen helped some Russian oligarchs buy a shipping company, and in exchange, they sold him four river cruise ships cheaply, which became the founding fleet of Viking River Cruises.[6]

1997–2010: Rapid expansion

In 2000, Viking purchased KD River Cruises of Europe, which brought Viking's fleet total to 26, making it the largest river cruising fleet in the world.[2] The company revamped the ships, aiming for its target demographic of older North Americans. The lack of frills, like gyms and pools, and the fleet's standardization also maximized the number of people the ships could accommodate and consequently, Viking's profit.[6][2] Also that year, the company partnered with sales agents in the UK, and the US, and opened its own sales office in California.[2] It hired its first marketing firm the next year, focusing on North America.[2] The company expanded into China in 2004 with Yangtze River cruises.[7] By 2007, it was operating 23 ships in Europe, Russia, and China.[2] In 2009, Viking started to use ships with hybrid diesel-electric engines that the company claims use an estimated 20% less fuel than conventional engines.[8]

2011–2019: Growth and modernization

In 2011, the company planned a new phase of growth, started sponsoring PBS's Masterpiece Theatre, and made plans to add 40 ships of a new "longship" design to its fleet over a five-year period.[2][9] The longship design maximized passenger capacity by squaring the bow and rearranging hallways.[10][11] It christened 10 ships in one day in 2013, and the 16 ships it christened over two days in 2014 made the Guinness Book of World Records.[12][13] By 2013, the company had spent around $400 million in marketing through direct mailing, television, the web, and trade marketing.[6] In May 2013, the company modified its name from Viking River Cruises to Viking Cruises as it announced the launch of Viking Ocean Cruises, a division of small, oceangoing vessels.[14]

In October 2017, Viking Cruises revealed it was working on a project to develop the world's first cruise ship powered by liquid hydrogen. Once developed, the ship would measure approximately 230 m (750 ft) long and accommodate 900 passengers and 500 crew members. The ship would share a similar design to the company's existing oceangoing vessels.[15]

By 2018, Viking Cruises had reached $3 billion in revenue and carried 440,000 passengers annually, employing more than 8,000 employees. That year, Viking Cruises announced it was working on its debut in the North American river cruising market after first suggesting the possibility in 2013.[16][17] The company targeted a possible 2021 debut on the Mississippi River, for a projection of six vessels along the river by 2027. The vessels, built and chartered by Edison Chouest, would be designed five stories tall and accommodate around 400 passengers, at $90 million to $100 million each. Cruises would travel between New Orleans and Memphis, and between St. Louis and Saint Paul.[17]

2020–present: Rebranding and new ventures

In January 2020, the company shortened its name to Viking, citing the brand's added emphasis on destination-oriented enrichment and experiences.[3] That same year, Viking also announced the launch of Viking Expeditions with a planned January 2022 debut.[18] It would become the expeditions arm of the brand and operate small-ship trips to exotic destinations.[18] It also finalized its river cruising business' expansion plans into the United States with the announcement of the first vessel's debut in August 2022 on the Mississippi River.[19]

River cruises


Viking Idun at Köln in 2012

Viking River Cruises offers cruising along the rivers of Europe, Russia, China, Southeast Asia and Egypt,[20] with plans to expand into the United States of America along the Mississippi River in 2022.[21] Viking's European ships have an average capacity of 190 passengers;[13][9] its Russian ships' capacity averages just over 200[22] and its China ship carries up to 256.[23] As of 2019, Viking River Cruises operated a fleet of 76 owned and charted vessels.[24]

Fleet

ShipMaiden VoyageBuilderLengthGross TonnageFlagStateroomsPassengers
Viking Aegir2012Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Alruna2016Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Alsvin2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Astrild2015Neptun Werft110 m / 361 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland4998
Viking Atla2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Baldur2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Bestla2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Beyla2015Neptun Werft110 m / 361 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland4998
Viking Bragi2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Buri2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Delling2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Egil2016Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Einar2019Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Eir2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Eistla2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Embla2012Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Fjorgyn2020Neptun Werft125 m / 410 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland84168
Viking Forseti2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Freya2012Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Gefjon2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Gersemi2020Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Gullveig2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Heimdal2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Helgrim2019Neptun Werft80 m / 262 ft4,000 tons Portugal53106
Viking Hemming2014Neptun Werft80 m / 262 ft4,000 tons Portugal53106
Viking Herja2016Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Hermod2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Hervor2020Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Hild2016Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Hlin2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Idi2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Idun2012Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Ingvi2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Jarl2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Kadlin2016Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Kara2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Kari2020Neptun Werft125 m / 410 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland84168
Viking Kvasir2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Legend2009SET Schiffbau- u. Entwicklungsgesellschaft Tangermünde135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland97188
Viking Lif2014Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Lofn2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Magni2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Mani2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Mimir2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Modi2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Njord2012Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Prestige2011Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland97188
Viking Odin2012Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Osfrid2016Neptun Werft80 m / 262 ft4,000 tons Portugal53106
Viking Osiris2020Maasara Shipyard72 m / 236 ft3,600 tons Egypt4182
Viking Ra2018Maasara Shipyard126 m / 413 ft2,000 tons Egypt2652
Viking Radgrid2020Neptun Werft125 m / 410 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland84168
Viking Rinda2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Rolf2016Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Sigrun2019Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Sigyn2019Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Skadi2019Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Skaga2020Neptun Werft125 m / 410 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland84168
Viking Skirnir2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Tialfi2016Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Tir2019Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Tor2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Torgil2014Neptun Werft80 m / 262 ft4,000 tons Portugal53106
Viking Ullur2019Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Vali2019Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Var2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Ve2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Vidar2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Vilhjalm2013Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190
Viking Vili2015Neptun Werft135 m / 443 ft5,000 tons  Switzerland95190

Chartered ships

ShipMaiden VoyageBuilderLengthGross TonnageFlagStateroomsPassengersNotes
MS Antares2017126 m / 413 ft Egypt2452Also sailing as Amarco II
Viking Akun2014VEB Elbewerften Boizenburg129 m / 423 ft5,500 tons Russia102204Formerly MS Koshevoy
Viking Emerald2011East Wind Co Ltd110 m / 361 ft7,100 tons China128256Leased Century Emerald
Viking Helgi2013VEB Elbewerften Boizenburg129 m / 423 ft5,500 tons Russia102204Formerly Viking Surkov
Viking Ingvar2013VEB Elbewerften Boizenburg129 m / 423 ft5,500 tons Russia102204Formerly Viking Pakhomov
Viking Mekong200255 m / 180 ft900 tons Vietnam2856Also sailing as RV Bassac Pandaw
Viking Rurik2012RSW Rosslauer Schiffswerft125 m / 410 ft5,400 tons Russia98196Formerly Viking Peterhof
Viking Sineus2014RSW Rosslauer Schiffswerft125 m / 410 ft5,400 tons Ukraine98196Formerly Viking Lomonosov
Viking Truvor2013VEB Elbewerften Boizenburg129 m / 423 ft5,500 tons Russia102204Formerly Viking Kirov

Future ships

ShipMaiden VoyageBuilderLengthGross TonnagePlanned FlagPlanned StateroomsPlanned Passengers
Viking Mississippi2022Edison Chouest137 m / 450 ft United States193386
Viking Saigon202180 m / 262 ft Vietnam4080

Former Fleet

ShipMaiden VoyageLengthStateroomsPassengersNotes
Viking Britannia110 m / 360 ft90180Retired as MS Britannia
Viking Burgundy2000110 m / 360 ft75150Sailing now as MS Crucebelle. Formerly Viking Sky.
Viking Danube1999110 m / 360 ft75150
Viking Deustchland2001110 m / 360 ft90180
Viking Douro201180 m / 262 ft65130Sailing now as MS Douro Spirit
Viking Eurodiamond82 m / 269 ft4284Sailing now as MS Johannes Brahms
Viking Europe2001114 m / 375 ft75150Sailing now as MS Carmen
Viking Fontane201095 m / 311 ft56112Sailing now as MS Junker Jorg
Viking Helvetia2002132 m / 433 ft99198Sailing now as MS Rhein Symphonie
Viking Lavrinenkov2001129 m / 423 ft110212Sailing now as MS General Lavrinenkov
Viking Mandalay200255 m / 180 ft2856Sailing now as RV Katha Pandaw
Viking Neptune2001114 m / 375 ft75150Sailing now as MS Verdi
Viking Normandie200091 m / 300 ft51100Sailing now as Normandie
Viking Orient201155 m / 180 ft2856Sailing now as RV Orient Pandaw
Viking Pride2001114 m / 375 ft75150
Viking Primadonna1998113 m / 372 ft74148Sailing now as MS Primadonna
Viking Seine2000110 m / 360 ft75150Sailing now as MS Crucestar. Formerly Viking Rhône.
Viking Schumann201195 m / 311 ft56112Sailing now as MS De Amsterdam
Viking Spirit2001114 m / 375 ft75150
Viking Star2000110 m / 360 ft75150
Viking Sun2006132 m / 433 ft99198Sailing now as MS Rhein Melodie
Century Sky2005127 m / 415 ft153306
Century Star200387 m / 285 ft93186
Century Sun2006127 m / 415 ft153306
MS Amadeus Elegant2010110 m / 361 ft76150
MS Esplanade201277 m / 253 ft67150
MS Mayfair201075 m / 246 ft104148
MS Omar El Khayam2008113 m / 371 ft88160
MS Symphony1998110 m / 361 ft83146
MS Vienna2006135 m / 443 ft82164
Prince Abbas200759 m /192 ft65130
Road to Mandalay2008102 m / 335 ft4382
Royal Lily199874 m / 244 ft60120
Royal Lotus199874 m / 244 ft60120
RV Tonle Pandaw200255 m / 180 ft3866

Ocean cruises


The Viking Ocean Cruises division was formed in 2013.[10] It began operating its first vessel, Viking Star, in 2015, with itineraries in Scandinavia, the British Isles, the Baltic and Mediterranean Sea.[25] Viking Sea joined the fleet in 2016;[4] and its third and fourth ships, Viking Sky and Viking Sun, were added in 2017.[26][27] Each of Viking Ocean Cruises first four vessels were named after the first four vessels of Royal Viking Line, whom Viking Cruises founder Torstein Hagen was CEO of from 1980 to 1985. [28]

In June 2018, Viking's fifth ocean vessel, Viking Orion, was added to the fleet.[29][30] Being one-third the size of many cruise ships being built by major cruise lines, this allows the Viking Star-class to enter into smaller ports.[31] Its overall length is 745.4 ft. (227.2 m); its beam is 94.5 ft. (28.8 m); the draft is 20.7 ft. (6.3 m); with a gross tonnage of 47,800 GT.[32] The four ships were built by Fincantieri shipyard in Ancona, Italy, and the Scandinavian influenced, modernist interior design was developed by London-based SMC Design and Los Angeles–based Rottet Studio.[32]

Viking's itineraries feature travel in Northern Europe, the Baltic, the Americas, the Caribbean, the Mediterranean, Asia, Australia and New Zealand.[26] Their ships spend more time in port than is common at other ocean lines, emphasizing a focus on the culture of their destinations.[4][25] Viking Ocean Cruises' vessels carry up to 930 passengers and 550 crew.[4][25][33]

In 2017-2018, Viking Sun made the company's first round-the-world cruise, which departed from Miami, and sailed south to head through the Panama Canal, and planned to visit five continents, 35 countries and 64 ports before ending its 141-day journey in London.[34] In May 2018, Viking Cruises announced its intention to launch a new package called Ultimate World Cruise, which it claimed to be the longest continuous world cruise itinerary in history. Its most expensive package will cover 245 days on Viking Sun and will stop at 59 countries and 113 ports.[35][36]

Fleet

ShipMaiden VoyageBuilderLengthGross TonnageFlagStateroomsPassengersPhoto
Viking Star2015Fincantieri227 m / 745 ft47,842 tons Norway465930
Viking Sea2016Fincantieri227 m / 745 ft47,842 tons Norway465930
Viking Sky2017Fincantieri227 m / 745 ft47,842 tons Norway465930
Viking Orion2018Fincantieri227 m / 745 ft47,842 tons Norway465930
Viking Jupiter2019Fincantieri227 m / 745 ft47,842 tons Norway465930
Viking Venus[37]2021[38][39]Fincantieri227 m / 745 ft47,842 tons Norway465930

Future ships

ShipMaiden VoyageBuilderLengthGross TonnagePlanned FlagPlanned StateroomsPlanned Passengers
Viking Mars2022Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930
Viking Neptune2022Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930
TBA2023Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930
TBA2024Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930
TBA2025Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930
TBA2025Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930
TBA2026Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930
TBA2026Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930
TBA2027Fincantieri227 m47,842 tons Norway465930

China Merchants Viking Cruises

ShipBuiltEntered ServiceBuilderLengthGross TonnageFlagStateroomsPassengersPhoto
Zhao Shang Yi Dun20172021Fincantieri227 m47,842 tonsTBD465930

Expedition cruises


In April 2018, Viking Cruises and VARD announced Viking had signed a contract to order two "special" cruise ships from VARD that are expected to enter service in 2021 and 2022, with an option for two more.[40] Planned to be built in Romania and Norway, the value of the contract was estimated to be worth around 5 billion Norwegian krone (about $611 million). The ships were expected to be expedition vessels.[41]

In October 2019, it was first reported that Viking Cruises was planning to launch Viking Expeditions, the expeditions arm to the business, in early 2020, with initial itineraries focusing on the polar regions of the Arctic Circle and Antarctica.[42] In January 2020, Viking officially announced the launch of Viking Expeditions. Expedition trips would be performed on smaller vessels designed to navigate through smaller waterways while also being capable of travelling through sea, and reach destinations such as polar regions and North America’s Great Lakes. Scheduled to begin operating its first vessel in January 2022, named Viking Octantis, and its second in August, named Viking Polaris, Viking Expeditions will also partner with scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to conduct research along with its own expedition team.[18]

Chartered ships

ShipMaiden VoyageBuilderLengthGross TonnageFlagStateroomsPassengersNotes
Santa Cruz II2020ASENAV Shipyard71 m / 233 ft2,664 tons Ecuador4590For cruises to the Galápagos Islands

Future ships

ShipMaiden VoyageBuilderLengthGross TonnagePlanned FlagPlanned StateroomsPlanned PassengersNotes
Viking Octantis[43]2022VARD203 m / 665 ft30,150 tons Norway189378First Expedition cruise ship
Viking Polaris[43]2022VARD203 m / 665 ft30,150 tons Norway189378Sister ship to Viking Octantis

Sponsorships


Since 2011, Viking has sponsored programming on PBS's Masterpiece Theatre, including Downton Abbey, Sherlock and Poldark,[4][2][44] and is a sponsor of National Geographic's Genius, a scripted series about the life of Albert Einstein.[45] Viking has also sponsored the Los Angeles Philharmonic at The Hollywood Bowl, Metropolitan Opera, BBC, Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway, and Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia.[44]

Accidents and incidents


On 11 September 2016, Viking Freya collided with a bridge near to Erlangen, Germany, crushing the wheelhouse and killing two crew members.[46]

On 23 March 2019, Viking Sky put out a mayday call after she suffered an engine failure off the coast of Norway. Six of Norway’s fourteen rescue helicopters were sent to the scene, and 460 passengers were evacuated before the ship travelled to Molde under her own power. The vessel was attached to a tugboat as the anchors were inoperable. On 27 March, Viking Sky arrived at a shipyard in Kristiansund for repairs. The next scheduled cruise was cancelled.

On 1 April 2019, Viking Idun collided with the oil tanker Chemical Marketer (IMO 9304291) in Terneuzen, in the Netherlands, not far from Antwerp. Five passengers were slightly injured; one crew member was taken to hospital. The Marine Insurance report indicates that the Idun "suffered considerable damage to her bow" while the tanker "suffered several breaches to her hull".[47]

On 29 May 2019, Viking Sigyn, during a sightseeing tour on the Danube, collided with a small tour boat, the Hableány, in Budapest, Hungary. Hableány sank with 35 people on board of whom 28 died.[48] On 11 June 2019, the boat was recovered from the riverbed and deposited on a barge by a floating crane.[49] The captain of the Viking Sigyn, identified as Yuriy C. and later as Yuriy Chaplinsky from Odessa, Ukraine,[50][51][52][53] was arrested and held in custody on suspicion of endangering water transport and causing a mass-casualty incident. He was released on bail on 11 June 2019.[54] According to Viking Cruises, Chaplinsky was also aboard the Viking Idun at the time of 1 April 2019 incident but was not acting as captain of that vessel at the time it collided with the oil tanker. Other reports stated that, according to Hungarian prosecutors he was, in fact, the captain of the Idun during the incident near Terneuzen.[48][55] The Dutch Safety Board would not reveal the identity of captain of the ship during 1 April incident to the news media.[56] A report from Hungary in mid October stated that the captain of the Sigyn, Yuriy Chaplinsky, was not impaired at the time of the crash and was on the bridge in control of the vessel. The Captain had stated that he "simply did not notice" the tour boat. Although news reports stated that he was not to "blame" for the crash, Captain Chaplinsky remained under pre-trial arrest as a suspect in "endangering water transport resulting in a fatal mass catastrophe and of failing to offer aid at the time of the crash", according to CBS News.[57]

On the evening of 5 June 2019, a Viking ship, initially said to be the Viking Var,[58] damaged the lock of Riedenburg, in the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal. After the impact, the lock could not be properly closed. No one was injured in the accident. The repair was expected to take two to three weeks to complete.[59][60] Witnesses later indicated the vessel involved in that incident was actually Viking Tir. [61]

See also


References


  1. "Viking Cruises Company Financial Data" Craft.co, 18 October 2019
  2. Allan E. Jordan, "Viking Cruises goes from upstart to leader in 20 years," Cruise Business Review, February 2017, pp. 36-39.
  3. Gray Faust, Chris (20 January 2020). "Citing Growth And Destination Focus, Viking Drops "Cruise" From Name". Cruise Critic.
  4. Adam H. Graham, "The Rising Tide: How Viking Changed Cruising," Departures, 21 November 2016.
  5. Fran Golden, "Perfect Examples," Porthole Cruise Magazine, 21 August 2017.
  6. Weissmann, Arnie (2 April 2013). "Rolling on the rivers". Travel Weekly.
  7. "Viking River Cruises". Sealetter Cruise News. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  8. "A Viking Ship to Launch with a Green Accent," The Avid Cruiser, 29 May 2009.
  9. Elaine Glusac, "Interest in European River Cruises Soars," New York Times, 29 June 2012.
  10. Tom Stieghorst, "Viking Cruises' Torstein Hagen," Travel Weekly, 25 October 2016.
  11. "Viking Longship Series, Viking River Cruises," Ship-Technology.com, March 2011.
  12. "Six new river ships in a day? Rapid Viking expansion continues," USA Today, 1 March 2016.
  13. Gene Sloan, "Viking River Cruises to add seven new ships in 2019," USA Today, 26 October 2017.
  14. "Viking Cruises Will Begin Ocean Cruises on Viking Star in 2015," Los Angeles Times, 17 May 2013.
  15. "Viking Cruise To Make World's First Hydrogen-Powered Cruise Ship". Marine Insight. 2 October 2017.
  16. Sloan, Gene (15 March 2018). "Viking has plans for at least 24 more river cruise ships". USA Today.
  17. DuPont, Dale K. (23 October 2018). "Viking Cruises moves ahead with U.S. expansion plans". WorkBoat.
  18. Wogan, John (15 January 2020). "Viking Cruises Launches Epic New Expedition Trips (Video)". Travel + Leisure.
  19. Brady, Paul (11 June 2020). "Viking Bets on the Future With New Cruise Ship Set to Sail the Mississippi River by 2022 (Video)". Travel + Leisure.
  20. Rosemary McClure, "Viking plans to add 10 new river and ocean-going cruise ships," Los Angeles Times, 31 October 2017.
  21. "Viking Cruises Expected to Sail Mississippi River By 2022". Cruise Critic. 19 February 2020.
  22. Veronica Stoddart, "6 River Cruises to Take in 2017," Conde Nast Traveler, 31 March 2017.
  23. "Viking River Cruises Viking Emerald Cruises," Travel Weekly. Accessed 30 November 2017.
  24. "What's new in the 2020 European river-cruise season". Traveller. 13 February 2020.
  25. Christian L. Wright, "Cruise Vacations for the Anti-Cruise Crowd," Wall Street Journal, 4 April 2017.
  26. Gene Sloan, "Fast-growing Viking Ocean Cruises orders two more ships," USA Today, 18 April 2017.
  27. Gene Sloan, "Construction begins on a sixth ship for Viking Ocean Cruises," USA Today, 20 October 2017.
  28. https://crociereuk.wordpress.com/2015/09/12/the-rise-and-fall-of-royal-viking-line/
  29. "First look: Inside Viking Cruises' newest ocean ship, Viking Orion". USA TODAY. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  30. "Astronaut christens new Viking Cruises ship, Viking Orion, in elaborate ceremony". USA TODAY. 14 June 2018.
  31. Gene Sloan, "First Look: Inside the Year’s Hottest New Cruise Ship," USA Today, 13 April 2015.
  32. "Viking Star Cruise Ship, Italy," Ship-Technology.com. Accessed 19 December 2017.
  33. "Living Large: Inside New Viking Ship's Stylish Suites," USA Today, 17 April 2015.
  34. Kennedy, Sherry (16 December 2017). "Viking Sun Around the World 2018 Voyage Just Began from Miami". Cruise Maven.
  35. Wood, Donald (4 May 2018). "Viking Announces Longest Continuous World Cruise". TravelPulse.
  36. Sloan, Gene (2 May 2018). "A world cruise that lasts 245 days? That's the plan at Viking". USA TODAY.
  37. "Viking Venus is named during English Channel festivities". 17 May 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  38. https://www.fincantieri.com/en/media/press-releases/2021/viking-venus-delivered-in-ancona/
  39. https://www.cruiseindustrynews.com/cruise-news/24791-fincantieri-delivers-new-viking-venus.htm
  40. Staff, CIN (4 April 2018). "Viking Orders Two 'Special' Vessels from VARD". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  41. Sloan, Gene (24 July 2018). "Is Viking about to get into expedition cruising, too?". USA Today.
  42. "Viking Expeditions Set to Launch with Pair of 378-Guest Ships". Cruise Industry News. 15 October 2019.
  43. "Details Emerge For Brand-New Viking Expedition Cruise Ships". Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  44. "More 'Downton Abbey' from Viking Cruises". TravelPulse. 21 November 2017.
  45. "Viking Cruises, National Geographic Launch 'Genius' Series," Travel Agent Central, 21 April 2017.
  46. "Two dead after cruise ship hits bridge in Germany". Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  47. "Marine accident round-up". Marine Insurance News. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019. on the Westerschelde in Terneuzen shortly after midnight on April 1st
  48. "Hungary tourist boat accident: Captain also involved in Dutch boat crash". BBC News. 7 June 2019.
  49. "Danube boat accident: More bodies found as vessel is raised in Hungary". BBC News. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  50. "Master of the Viking Sigyn Identified As Yuriy Chaplinsky". CRUISE LAW NEWS. 18 October 2019.
  51. "Viking Sigyn accidents and incidents". Cruise Mapper. 29 May 2019.
  52. "Ulykkeskaptajn involveret i tidligere ulykke". Maritime Danmark. 18 October 2019.
  53. "Viking Sigyn accidents and incidentsy". Cruise Mapper. 18 October 2019.
  54. "Cruise ship captain released on bail two weeks after fatal collision in Hungary". Globe and Mail. 11 June 2019.
  55. "Hungary: Death toll rises to 19 in Danube tour boat crash". Associated Press. 6 June 2019.
  56. "Ukrainian Cruise Ship Captain Involved in Recent Collisions in Hungary, Netherlands". Insurance Journal. 18 October 2019.
  57. "Tour boat captain not to blame for Danube river crash that killed 28". CBS News. 18 October 2019.
  58. "Viking River Cruises mum on most recent accident". Travel Weekly. 18 October 2019.
  59. "Viking Schiff Beschaedigt Schleuse Main Donau Kanal Gesperrt". Cruise Tricks. 18 October 2019.
  60. "Viking Ship crashed in the main river Danube – Napi.hu". Newsbeezer. 18 October 2019.
  61. Clausing, Jeri (12 June 2019). "Viking River Cruises mum on most recent accident". Travel Weekly.