Villanovan culture

The Villanovan culture (c. 900–700 BC), regarded as the earliest phase of the Etruscan civilization,[1][2][3][4][5] was the earliest Iron Age culture of Central Italy and Northern Italy. It directly followed the Bronze Age Proto-Villanovan culture which branched off from the Urnfield culture of Central Europe.[6] This gave way in the 7th century BC to an increasingly orientalizing culture influenced by Greek traders and colonists who settled in South Italy.

Villanovan culture
Geographical rangeEurope (Northern-Central Italy: Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Lazio)
PeriodEarly Iron Age. Early phases of the Etruscan civilization.
Datesc. 900–700 BC
Preceded byProto-Villanovan culture
Followed byOrientalizing period (later 700–500 BC) of the Etruscan civilization

The Villanovans introduced iron-working to the Italian Peninsula. They practiced cremation and buried the ashes of their dead in pottery urns of distinctive double-cone shape.