Viramgam is a town and former princely state, in the Ahmedabad district in the Indian state of Gujarat. Gateway Distriparks flagged off the first export train service from the newly built inland container depot (ICD) at Viramgam.
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|Founded by||King Viramdev|
|Named for||King Viramdev|
|• Total||19 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Area rank||1'st Rank (with compare to other tehsil(taluka) of Ahmedabad)|
|Elevation||32 m (105 ft)|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||0.93 ♀/♂|
Around 1090, Minaldevi, the mother of Jayasimha Siddharaja of Chaulukya dynasty who ruled from Anhilwad Patan, commissioned the Munsar lake. Siddhraj added several shrines and temples later. Viramgam state was founded in c. 1484. Under the strong Mandal chief, Viramgam did not become part of the Muslim Gujarat Sultanate until 1530. Commanding the entrance to Kathiawar, the Mughal governors chose it as the headquarters of the Jhalavad prant (district), and in the disturbances of the eighteenth century, it was the scene of several struggles.
The old town of Viramgam is surrounded by a rectangular, tower flanked brick and stone wall, about 21 miles round. In the wall are five gates: on the north, the Golwadi gate leading to Patan; on the north-east, the Bharwadi gate ( ) leading to the railway station; on the east, the Raipuri or Rayyapur gate ( ) leading to Ahmedabad; on the south-west, the Gangasar gate ; and on the west, the Mansar or Munsar gate ( ). There are also two unopened gateways on the north-west ( ) and north-east, and in the south face is a window through which water is drawn from the Gangasar lake.
The town is surrounded by three reservoirs: the Gangasar lake on the south-east and south, lying outside of the wall except a small portion known as the Gusaria lake; in the south-west beyond the Gangasar gate the Dhunia lake; and in the west the Munsar lake.
Munsar lake was built about 1090 by Minaldevi, the mother of Siddhraj Jaisinh. Formerly known as Mansarovar, now shortened into Mansar or Munsar lake is 220 yards round, shaped like the conch and is surrounded by flights of stone steps. Gathering from the west, the water passes into a stone-built eight sided silt-well, kund, with, in a niche in each side, a figure cut in bold relief. From the silt-well, through a stone-lined channel and a three-cylinder tunnel, the water passes into the lake. Over the tunnel is a large pyramid-roofed pavilion repaired by the Marathas, and a temple of Bahuchar Mata, or, as she is locally called, Mansar Mata. Towards the north the steps round the lake are ruinous, and in several places, broken roadways run down to the water's edge. Around the top of the steps runs a row of small spire-roofed shrines, many now wanting but once said to have numbered more than 300. In each shrine on one side of the lake is a pedestal, probably for an image of Krishna, and on the other side a round basin, jaladhar, probably sacred to Shiva. On either side of one of the roadways that run to the water's edge, is a larger temple with a double porch and spire and across the lake is a flat-roofed colonnade.
The Gangasar lake was built eight hundred years ago by Sufi (Muslim mystic) saint Hazrat Alauddin Shah Chishty with help from Hazrat Islahuddin. He was born Hindu and his birth name was Gangu Vanjara. According to legend, he converted to Islam after watching miracles by Aladdin Shah. He built a lake at the request of Hazrat Aladdin Shah, which was named Gangasagar after his birth name Gangu Vanjara. The name later shortened to Gangasar.
Historical and legendary references
According to Dr. Savliya, author of "Ancient lakes of Gujarat," one of the rooms on the Musar lake has ancient writing of the person who built this lake. That is believed to be a proof according to which it seems like this lake was built by King Viramdev Vaghela. In that writing, his wife's name is also there, Queen Sumla Devi.
According to another story, King Bhimdev II had given land on samvat 1295 of Ghusdi village (now known as Viramgam). That land is used for Musar lake. Still today there is Ghusdiya lake and Ghusdiya ground in Viramgam which proves that earlier Viramgam was known as Ghusdi.
According to another story, Barbara Bhut (Ghost) who was a slave of King Siddhraj Jaysinh has built this lake in one night.
The closest major airport to Viramgam is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport (AMD / VAAH). This airport is in Ahmedabad, India and is 71 km (44 mi) from the center of Viramgam and provides connectivity with domestic flights to the Metropolitan and other major cities of India. It also provides many international flights from Ahmedabad to destinations around the world.
Viramgam is well connected to other major cities of the country via regular trains.
Railway Station(s): Viramgam Junction (VG)
Viramgam used to be the point of intersection of BB & CI Railway and the Saurashtra Railway. Viramgam is at the intersection of four railway lines: Ahmedabad-Viramgam, Viramgam-Surendranagar, Viramgam-Mehsana, and Viramgam-Dhrangdhra-Samakhyali lines. It is at the intersection of the routes splitting towards Kachchh and Saurashtra while travelling from Ahmedabad. It is also having Inland Container Depot (ICD) facility by Gateway Distriparks.
Viramgam is connected to Ahmedabad, Kutch, Mumbai, New Delhi through the National Highway 947. The location is also connected to Saurashtra through the GJ SH 17.
Regular buses transit to Viramgam Bus Station from other major cities of the country.
There is a crude oil storage tank depot at Viramgam on the Salya-Mathura oil pipeline of the Indian Oil Corporation.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Viramgam include:
- Bhadreshkumar Chetanbhai Patel (born 1990), murderer, fugitive on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list.
- Hardik Patel, (born 1993) social Activist, led the Patidar reservation agitation
- "Ahmedabad City Census 2011 data". Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- Bureau, BW Online. "1st Export Train Flagged Off By Ahmedabad Division Of Indian Railways". BW Businessworld. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad (Public Domain text). Government Central Press. 1879. pp. 354–356.
- "Voices: Rain, Ruin, and Resilience". Princeton Alumni Weekly. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- Shastri, Parth (27 September 2015). "ASI to renovate 2 Gujarat's ancient lakes". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 December 2016.
- "redirect to /world/IN/09/Viramgam.html". www.fallingrain.com.
- News, Indian Transport and Logistics. "Gateway Rail flags off first export train service from Viramgam ICD | Railway". www.itln.in. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
- "BHADRESHKUMAR CHETANBHAI PATEL --- FBI". FBI. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- "Meet 22-year-old Hardik Patel, the face of Patel agitation in Gujarat". News18. Retrieved 18 October 2018.