Vishnu (/ˈvɪʃn/ VISH-noo; Sanskrit: विष्णु, romanized: Viṣṇu, lit.'the pervader', pronounced [ʋɪʂɳʊ]), also known as Narayana and Hari, is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. He is the supreme being within Vaishnavism, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism.[9][10]

God of Preservation

God of Time, The Protector of Good, Bestower of Karma[1]

Para Brahman, the Supreme Being[2][3][4]
Member of Trimurti
Vishnu (center) surrounded by his dashavataras
Other namesHari, Narayana, Madhava, Keshava, Achyuta, Janardana, and various others listed in the Vishnu Sahasranama
AffiliationParabrahman, Trimurti, Brahman, Bhagavan, Ishvara, Dashavatara
Weapon [5]
SymbolsPadma (Lotus), Shaligrama, Dvaravati sila
MountGaruda,[5] Shesha[6]
FestivalsHoli, Rama Navami, Krishna Janmashtami, Narasimha Jayanti, Deepavali, Onam, Vishu, Vivaha Panchami, Vijayadashami, Ananta Chaturdashi, Shayani Ekadashi, Prabodhini Ekadashi and other ekadashis, Kartik Purnima, Tulasi Vivaha,[7] Buddha Purnima
Personal information
SiblingsParvati or Durga (ceremonial sister; according to Shaivism)
ConsortLakshmi and her avatars
Translations of
विष्णु (Viṣṇu)
Sanskritविष्णु (Viṣṇu)
Assameseবিষ্ণু (Biṣṇu)
Bengaliবিষ্ণু (Biṣṇu)
Hindiविष्णु (Viṣṇu)
Kannadaವಿಷ್ಣು (Viṣṇu)
Malayalamവിഷ്ണു (Viṣṇu)
Marathiविष्णु (Viṣṇu)
Nepaliविष्णु (Viṣṇu)
Odiaବିଷ୍ଣୁ (Biṣṇu)
Punjabiਵਿਸ਼ਨੂੰ (Viśanū)
Tamilவிஷ்ணு (Viṣṇu)
Teluguవిష్ణు (Viṣṇu)
Gujaratiવિષ્ણુ (Viṣṇu)
Glossary of Hinduism terms

Vishnu is known as "The Preserver" within the Trimurti, the triple deity of supreme divinity that includes Brahma and Shiva.[11][12] In Vaishnavism, Vishnu is the supreme being who creates, protects, and transforms the universe. In the Shaktism tradition, the Goddess, or Adi Shakti, is described as the supreme Para Brahman, yet Vishnu is revered along with Shiva and Brahma. Tridevi is stated to be the energy and creative power (Shakti) of each, with Lakshmi being the equal complementary partner of Vishnu.[13] He is one of the five equivalent deities in Panchayatana puja of the Smarta tradition of Hinduism.[12]

According to Vaishnavism, the highest form of Ishvara is with qualities (Saguna), and have certain form, but is limitless, transcendent and unchanging absolute Brahman, and the primal Atman (Self) of the universe.[14] There are many both benevolent and fearsome depictions of Vishnu. In benevolent aspects, he is depicted as an omniscient being sleeping on the coils of the serpent Adishesha (who represents time) floating in the primeval ocean of milk called Kshira Sagara with his consort, Lakshmi.[15]

Whenever the world is threatened with evil, chaos, and destructive forces, Vishnu descends in the form of an avatar (incarnation) to restore the cosmic order, and protect dharma. The Dashavatara are the ten primary avatars (incarnations) of Vishnu. Out of these ten, Rama and Krishna are the most important.[16]

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