Vistula

The Vistula (/ˈvɪstjʊlə/; Polish: Wisła, Polish pronunciation: [ˈvʲiswa] (listen)) is the longest river in Poland and the 9th-longest river in Europe, at 1,047 kilometres (651 miles) in length.[1][2] The drainage basin, reaching into three other nations, covers 193,960 km2 (74,890 sq mi), of which 168,868 km2 (65,200 sq mi) is in Poland.[3]

Vistula
The Vistula in southern Poland with Silesian Beskids seen in the background.
Vistula River drainage basin in Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia and Poland
Native nameWisła  (Polish)
Location
CountryPoland
Towns/CitiesKraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Gdańsk
Physical characteristics
Source 
  locationBarania Góra, Silesian Beskids
  coordinates49°36′21″N 19°00′13″E
  elevation1,106 m (3,629 ft)
Mouth 
  location
Mikoszewo, Gdańsk Bay, Baltic Sea,
Przekop channel near Świbno, Poland
  coordinates
54°21′42″N 18°57′07″E
  elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length1,047 km (651 mi)
Basin size193,960 km2 (74,890 sq mi)
Discharge 
  locationGdańsk Bay, Baltic Sea, Mikoszewo
  average1,080 m3/s (38,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
  leftNida, Pilica, Bzura, Brda, Wda
  rightDunajec, Wisłoka, San, Wieprz, Narew, Drwęca

The Vistula rises at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, 1,220 meters (4,000 ft) above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the Little White Vistula (Biała Wisełka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna Wisełka).[4] It flows through Poland's largest cities, including Kraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Świecie, Grudziądz, Tczew and Gdańsk. It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany) or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta of six main branches (Leniwka, Przekop, Śmiała Wisła, Martwa Wisła, Nogat and Szkarpawa).

The river is often associated with Polish culture, history and national identity. It is the country's most important waterway and natural symbol, and the term "Vistula Land" (Polish: kraj nad Wisłą) can be synonymous with Poland.[5][6][7]