Vladimir-Suzdal

Vladimir-Suzdal (Russian: Владимирско-Су́здальская, Vladimirsko-Suzdal'skaya), also Vladimir-Suzdalian Rus',[1][2] formally known as the Grand Duchy of Vladimir (1157–1331) (Russian: Владимиро-Су́здальское кня́жество, romanized: Vladimiro-Suzdal'skoye knyazhestvo, lit.'Vladimiro-Suzdalian principalty'; Latin: Volodimeriae[3]), was one of the major principalities that succeeded Kievan Rus' in the late 12th century, centered in Vladimir-on-Klyazma. With time the principality grew into a grand duchy divided into several smaller principalities. After being conquered by the Mongol Empire, the principality became a self-governed state headed by its own nobility. A governorship of principality, however, was prescribed by a Khan declaration (jarlig) issued from the Golden Horde to a noble family of any of smaller principalities.

Grand Duchy of Vladimir*
Владимиро-Су́здальское кня́жество
Vladimiro-Suzdal'skoye knyazhestvo
1157–1331
Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal (Rostov-Suzdal) within Kievan Rus' in the 11th century
StatusVassal state of the Golden Horde (from 1238)
CapitalVladimir
Common languagesOld East Slavic
Religion
Russian Orthodox Christianity
GovernmentPrincipality
Grand Duke of Vladimir 
 1157–1175 (first)
Andrey Bogolyubsky
 1328–1331 (last)
Alexander of Suzdal [ru]
History 
 Established
1157
 Disestablished
1331
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kievan Rus'
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Today part ofRussia
*Since 1169 after sacking Kiev, the Duchy of Vladimir-Suzdal became the Grand Duchy of Vladimir-Suzdal.

Vladimir-Suzdal is traditionally perceived as a cradle of the Great Russian language and nationality, and it gradually evolved into the Grand Duchy of Moscow.