Volgograd

Volgograd (Russian: Волгогра́д, romanized: Volgográd), formerly Tsaritsyn (Russian: Цари́цын, romanized: Tsarítsyn) (1589–1925), and Stalingrad (Russian: Сталингра́д, romanized: Stalingrád) (1925–1961), is the largest city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. The city lies on the western bank of the Volga, covering an area of 859.4 square kilometres (331.8 square miles), with a population of over 1 million residents.[11] Volgograd is the fifteenth-largest city in Russia, the second-largest city on the Southern Federal District, and the fourth-largest city on the Volga.

Volgograd
Волгоград
Counterclockwise (from top right): The Motherland Calls on Mamayev Kurgan, the railway station, Planetarium, The Metrotram, Panorama of the City, Gerhardt's Mill
Anthem: none[2]
Location of Volgograd
Volgograd
Location of Volgograd
Volgograd
Volgograd (European Russia)
Volgograd
Volgograd (Europe)
Coordinates: 48°42′31″N 44°30′53″E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVolgograd Oblast[3]
Founded1589[4]
City status sincethe end of the
18th century[1]
Government
  BodyCity Duma[5]
  Head[5]Alexander Chunakov[citation needed]
Elevation
80 m (260 ft)
Population
  Total1,021,215
  Estimate 
(2018)[7]
1,013,533 (−0.8%)
  Rank12th in 2010
  Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Volgograd[3]
  Capital ofVolgograd Oblast[3], city of oblast significance of Volgograd[3]
  Urban okrugVolgograd Urban Okrug[8]
  Capital ofVolgograd Urban Okrug[8]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK [9])
Postal code(s)[10]
400000–400002, 400005–400012, 400015–400017, 400019–400023, 400026, 400029, 400031–400034, 400036, 400038–400040, 400042, 400046, 400048–400055, 400057–400059, 400062–400067, 400069, 400071–400076, 400078–400082, 400084, 400086–400089, 400093, 400094, 400096–400098, 400105, 400107, 400108, 400110–400112, 400117, 400119–400125, 400127, 400131, 400136–400138, 400700, 400880, 400890, 400899, 400921–400942, 400960–400965, 400967, 400970–400979, 400990–400993
Dialing code(s)+7 8442
OKTMO ID18701000001
City DaySecond Sunday of September[1]
Websitewww.volgadmin.ru

The city was founded as the fortress of Tsaritsyn in 1589. By the nineteenth century, Tsaritsyn had become an important river-port and commercial centre, leading to its population expanding rapidly.

Early in the Russian Civil War, in November 1917, Tsaritsyn came under Soviet control. It fell briefly to the White Army in mid-1919 but quickly returned to Soviet control in January 1920.

On April 10, 1925, the city was renamed Stalingrad in honor of Joseph Stalin. During World War II, the Axis forces attacked the city, leading to the Battle of Stalingrad, one of the largest and bloodiest battles in the history of warfare. On 10 November 1961, Nikita Khrushchev's administration changed the name of the city to Volgograd. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the city became the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast.

Known locally as the "Hero City", Volgograd today is the site of The Motherland Calls, an 85-meter high statue dedicated to the heroes of the battle, which is the tallest statue in Europe, as well as the tallest statue of a woman in the world. The city has many tourist attractions, such as museums, sandy beaches, and a self-propelled floating church. Volgograd was one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.