Vyborg (Russian: Выборг, IPA: [ˈvɨbərk];[10] Finnish: Viipuri [ˈʋiːpuri];[11] Swedish: Viborg [ˈvǐːbɔrj] (listen); German: Wiborg [ˈviːbɔʁk]) is a town in, and the administrative center of, Vyborgsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It lies on the Karelian Isthmus near the head of the Vyborg Bay, 130 km (81 miles) to the northwest of St. Petersburg, 245 km (152 miles) east of the Finnish capital Helsinki, and 38 km (24 miles) south of Russia's border with Finland, where the Saimaa Canal enters the Gulf of Finland. The population of Vyborg is as follows: 79,962(2010 Census);[4] 79,224(2002 Census);[12] 80,924(1989 Census).[13]

Location of Vyborg
Location of Vyborg
Vyborg (European Russia)
Vyborg (Baltic Sea)
Vyborg (Europe)
Coordinates: 60°43′N 28°46′E
Federal subjectLeningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative districtVyborgsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formationVyborgskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
  BodyCouncil of Deputies[2]
  Head[2]Gennady Orlov[3]
3 m (10 ft)
77,400 (−3.2%)
  Rank208th in 2010
  Capital ofVyborgsky District[1], Vyborgskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
  Municipal districtVyborgsky Municipal District[6]
  Urban settlementVyborgskoye Urban Settlement[6]
  Capital ofVyborgsky Municipal District[6], Vyborgskoye Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK [7])
Postal code(s)[8]
188800–188802, 188804, 188805, 188807–188811, 188819, 188899
Dialing code(s)+7 81378[9]
OKTMO ID41615101001

Located in the boundary zone between the East Slavic/Russian and Finnish worlds,[14] formerly well known as one of the few medieval towns in Finland, Vyborg has changed hands several times in history, most recently in 1944 when the Soviet Union captured it from Finland during World War II. Finland evacuated the whole population of the city and resettled them within the rest of Finland.[14] On March 25, 2010, Dmitry Medvedev named Vyborg the "City of Military Glory"; in Russia, a city can be awarded such a title if there have been fierce battles in or near the city and where, in the Russian view, the defenders of the homeland have shown bravery, perseverance, and general heroism.[15] During the Finnish Civil War in 1918, Vyborg was the officially second significant city in Finland after Helsinki,[16] representing it as Finland's most multicultural city internationally.[17][18][19]

The city hosts the Russian end of the 1,222 km (759 mi) Nord Stream gas pipeline, laid in 2011 and operated by a consortium led by Russia's Gazprom state hydrocarbons enterprise to pump 55 billion cubic meters (1.9 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas a year under the Baltic to Greifswald, Germany.[20]