Vytautas Landsbergis

Vytautas Landsbergis [ˈvʲîːtɐʊtɐs ˈɫɐ̂ˑnʲdzʲbʲɛrʲɡʲɪs] (listen) (born 18 October 1932, in Kaunas, Lithuania) is a Lithuanian politician and former Member of the European Parliament. He was the first Head of Parliament of Lithuania after its independence declaration from the Soviet Union. He has written 20 books on a variety of topics, including a biography of Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis, as well as works on politics and music. He is a founding signatory of the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism,[1] and a member of the international advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.[2]


Vytautas Landsbergis

Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania (Head of State of Lithuania)
In office
11 March 1990  25 November 1992
Preceded byPost created
Succeeded byAlgirdas Brazauskas (as the Speaker of the Seimas and acting President of Lithuania)
Speaker of the Seimas
In office
25 November 1996  19 October 2000
Preceded byČeslovas Juršėnas
Succeeded byArtūras Paulauskas
Chairman of the Homeland Union
In office
1 May 1993  24 May 2003
Preceded byPost created
Succeeded byAndrius Kubilius
Member of the European Parliament
for Lithuania
In office
28 April 2003  30 June 2014
Personal details
Born (1932-10-18) 18 October 1932 (age 88)
Kaunas, Lithuania
Political partySąjūdis (1988–1993)
Homeland Union (1993–present)
Spouse(s)Gražina Ručytė-Landsbergienė
Alma materLithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre (1955)
Signature