Waitaki District


Waitaki District is a territorial authority that is located in the Canterbury and Otago regions of the South Island of New Zealand. It straddles the traditional border between the two regions, the Waitaki River, and its seat is Oamaru.

Waitaki District
Waitaki District Council building, Thames Street, Oamaru
Coat of arms
Location of the Waitaki District within the South Island
CountryNew Zealand
Regions
DistrictWaitaki District Council
WardsAhuriri
Corriedale
Oamaru
Waihemo
Formed1989
SeatOamaru
Towns
Government
  MayorGary Kircher [1]
  Deputy MayorMelanie Tavendale
  ElectorateWaitaki
Area
  Total7,148.05 km2 (2,759.88 sq mi)
Population
 (June 2020)[2]
  Total23,500
  Density3.3/km2 (8.5/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+12 (NZST)
  Summer (DST)UTC+13 (NZDT)
Postcode(s)
Postcode(s)
7977
Area code(s)03
WebsiteWaitaki District Council

History


Waitaki District is made up of the former Waitaki County, Waihemo County and Oamaru Borough, which were amalgamated in 1989. It is governed by the Waitaki District Council.

Name


During the colonial period, the area was also known as Molesworth,[3] however the Maori name Waitaki eventually prevailed.

Geography


It has a land area of 7,107.73 km2 (2,744.31 sq mi), of which 4,195.17 km2 (1,619.76 sq mi) or 59.02% is in the Canterbury Region and 2,912.56 km2 (1,124.55 sq mi) or 40.98% in the Otago Region.[4] It is the only district in the South Island that lies in two regions.[5]

A major reason for this split was the governance of the Waitaki River which forms a political boundary between Canterbury and Otago. With major hydro schemes on this river it was decided to place the entire catchment in one administrative region, thus forming the split.[when?] Some people who fall into the Canterbury Region of Waitaki District still regard themselves as part of Otago, and attempts have been made in the past to change the boundary. The district, which is agricultural by nature, comprises the wide alluvial fan of the river, and runs inland along the banks of the river, forming a roughly triangular region.

Demographics


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
200620,223    
201320,829+0.42%
201822,308+1.38%
Source: [6]

Waitaki District had a population of 22,308 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 1,479 people (7.1%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 2,085 people (10.3%) since the 2006 census. 2,214 people (9.9%) lived in the Canterbury portion of the district, while 20,094 people (90.1%) lived in the Otago portion. There were 9,171 households. There were 10,974 males and 11,331 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.97 males per female. Of the total population, 4,071 people (18.2%) were aged up to 15 years, 3,348 (15.0%) were 15 to 29, 9,819 (44.0%) were 30 to 64, and 5,070 (22.7%) were 65 or older. Figures may not add up to the total due to rounding.

Ethnicities were 88.0% European/Pākehā, 8.2% Māori, 3.8% Pacific peoples, 5.3% Asian, and 1.9% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 15.4, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 47.9% had no religion, 41.5% were Christian, and 3.1% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 2,331 (12.8%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 4,719 (25.9%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $27,700. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 8,529 (46.8%) people were employed full-time, 2,826 (15.5%) were part-time, and 441 (2.4%) were unemployed.[6]

Urban areas and settlements

Oamaru, the district seat, is the only town in the Waitaki district with a population over 1,000. It is home to 13,700 people, 58.3% of the district's population.[2]

Other settlements and localities in the district include:

Economy


A relatively sparsely settled area, the District has a large number of farms. However, in recent times (late 2000s), numerous proposals for new farming operations have locals fearing that the agriculture will be transformed from often family-held farms to large agribusiness operations causing local ecological damage and siphoning off capital overseas.[7]

References


  1. "Council (Waitaki District Council)". Waitaki.govt.nz. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  2. "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  3. "What's In A Name? Geographic Board's Work". Evening Post. 27 April 1934. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  4. "ArcGIS Web Application". www.arcgis.com. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  5. Siobhan Downes, "Why Waitaki wants its name on the tourism map", stuff.co.nz, 19 May 2021.
  6. "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Waitaki District (068). 2018 Census place summary: Waitaki District
  7. Taylor, Gary (8 February 2010). "A national treasure is being squandered". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 8 February 2010.