Walloons (//; French: Wallons [walɔ̃] (listen); Walloon: Walons) are a Romance cultural identity of people living for the most part in Belgium, principally its southern region of Wallonia, who primarily speak langues d'oïl such as Belgian French, Picard and Walloon. Walloons are mainly Roman Catholic.
|c. 3.5–4 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
Regional Langues d'oïl
|Historically Roman Catholic majority|
Protestant minority (see also Walloon church)
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Romance and Germanic peoples|
^a U.S. population census does not differentiate between Belgians and Walloons, therefore the number of the latter is unknown. Walloons might also identify as French, of which there were as many as 8.2 million.
^b Canadian census does not differentiate between Belgians and Walloons, therefore the number of the latter is unknown and indeterminable. In 2011, 176,615 respondents stated Belgian ethnic origin; this figure definitely includes a substantial number of ethnic Flemings who may also identify as Belgian even though the census differentiates between the two. They may also be inclined to identify as French, of which there were as many as 7 million.
The term is also extended to refer to the inhabitants of the Walloon region in general, regardless of ethnicity or ancestry.