Wallpaper group

Here a wallpaper is a drawing that covers a whole Euclidean plane by repeating a motif indefinitely, in manner that certain isometries keep the drawing unchanged. To a given wallpaper corresponds group of such congruent transformations, in which the function composition operates. The present article classifies such groups.

Example of an Egyptian design with wallpaper group p4m

Thus a wallpaper group (or plane symmetry group or plane crystallographic group) is in a mathematical classification of a two‑dimensional repetitive pattern, based on the symmetries in the pattern. Such patterns occur frequently in architecture and decorative art, especially in textiles and tiles as well as wallpaper.


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