Warwick (// WORR-ik) is a market town and county town of Warwickshire, England. It lies adjacent to the River Avon, 11 miles (18 km) south of Coventry and forms a small conurbation with Leamington Spa and Whitnash. Its population was 31,345 in 2011.
A view over Warwick, with the Church of St Mary
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||CV34, CV35|
Signs of Neolithic activity precede unbroken habitation to the 6th century AD. It was a Saxon burh in the 9th century; Warwick Castle was built during the Norman conquest of England. Warwick School claims to be the country's oldest boys' school. The earldom of Warwick, created in 1088, controlled the town and built its walls, of which Eastgate and Westgate survive. The castle became a fortress, then a mansion. The Great Fire of Warwick in 1694 destroyed much of the town. Warwick missed industrialisation, but the population has grown almost sixfold since 1801.