Welsh National Party
The Welsh National Party (WNP), (Welsh: Y Blaid Genedlaethol), is a sovereignist and Welsh nationalist political party in Wales which advocates Welsh independence from the United Kingdom. The party was formed in early 2020 by its current leader Neil McEvoy. McEvoy is a Member of the Senedd for South Wales Central and formerly sat as a member of Plaid Cymru.
|Leader||Neil McEvoy MS|
|Founded||15 January 2020|
|Split from||Plaid Cymru|
|Headquarters||321 Cowbridge Road East|
|Colours||Green, white, and red|
|House of Commons (Welsh seats)|
0 / 40
|Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament|
1 / 60
|Local government in Wales|
7 / 1,253
In 2018, Neil McEvoy started a pressure group called 'Propel Wales' and officially launched the group at a meeting in the Cardiff Coal Exchange on 21 May 2018. McEvoy, sitting as an Independent AM at the time due to his 18 month expulsion from Plaid Cymru in March 2018, stated that while Propel Wales was 'within Plaid Cymru', it sought to reach out to those outside of Plaid Cymru and to people who were disengaged with Welsh politics altogether.
On 10 July 2019, McEvoy withdrew his application to re-join Plaid Cymru, citing an "absence of natural justice" and "due process" as the reason behind his decision. By late 2019, Propel Wales had changed their description from 'members and supporters of Plaid Cymru' to 'without ties to any political party'.
On 23 October 2019, Cardiff Council's three remaining Plaid Cymru councillors resigned the party's whip, accusing the party of becoming "too close to Labour." McEvoy also sat as a Plaid Cymru councillor for the Fairwater ward prior to his expulsion from the party.
The Welsh National Party was registered with the Electoral Commission on 15 January 2020. On 7 February, McEvoy confirmed to Nation.Cymru that the party had been registered and said that "exciting news will follow in the near future." In an interview with ITV Wales' political editor, Adrian Masters, McEvoy said that the party aimed to "offer an alternative to Labour and Plaid Cymru" and "shake up the status quo." He described the party as being 'sovereignist', which he says is about 'more than just national independence'. He stated that the party would field candidates in the 2021 Senedd election and confirmed that he would challenge the First Minister, Mark Drakeford, in his Cardiff West constituency. McEvoy came a close second in Cardiff West at the 2016 National Assembly election as a Plaid Cymru candidate, reducing Drakeford's majority from 21.3% in 2011 to 3.7%.
In February 2020, the WNP gained its first local government representation when McEvoy and his three former Plaid Cymru colleagues on Cardiff Council announced that they would form a Welsh National Party group. Cllr Keith Parry was chosen to lead the group, stating that the group would focus on promoting "individual, community and national sovereignty for Wales" as well as "putting forward positive proposals for sorting the housing crisis, tackling corruption and ending severe poverty in our city."
On 30 March 2020, Cllr Martyn Peters, councillor for the Dyffryn ward on Neath Port Talbot Council, left Plaid Cymru and joined the Welsh National Party, stating that he believed that "this nation needs fresh new thinking to take it forward."
On 30 April 2020, the WNP gained its first councillor in North Wales after Cllr Dylan Bullard, an Independent councillor for the Pwllheli North ward on Gwynedd Council, announced that he was joining the party. McEvoy welcomed the news of Bullard's defection, saying that "with the addition of Dylan to our team we are demonstrating that the WNP truly is a national party for Wales." On 13 May 2020, Cllr Peter Read, councillor for the Abererch ward, left Plaid Cymru and joined Bullard to sit as the WNP's second councillor on Gwynedd Council. Both councillors cited opposition to elements of Gwynedd Council's Local Development Plan as motivating factors in their defections and as a key focus of their new group.
The party is explicitly Welsh nationalist and advocates for Welsh independence from the United Kingdom. On 22 October 2019, Neil McEvoy (then sitting as an Independent AM) introduced a motion calling for a referendum on 'Welsh national sovereignty'. This was the first time that a Welsh legislature had ever voted on the proposal for a Welsh independence referendum. The motion was defeated by 8 votes to 43, with even some Plaid Cymru AMs failing to support the motion, despite it being official Plaid Cymru policy to hold an independence referendum.
The party's platform is built around the principles of individual sovereignty, community sovereignty and national sovereignty. The party released a statement of their principles on the WNP website, with much of it derived from the earlier 'Propel Wales Statement'.
In the statement, the party advocates for:
- Natural justice, due process and free speech to be enshrined in a Welsh constitution and bill of rights.
- The right of communities to influence local policy through referenda.
- The decentralisation of decision making to a community level.
- Making 'actions that would lessen national sovereignty' subject to a national referendum.
- A just and fair market economy.
- The elimination of severe poverty in Wales.
- Tackling corruption, nepotism and corporate lobbying and money in politics.
- Breaking up monopolies.
- A welfare state which acts as a 'strong safety net'.
- The sustainable reindustrialisation of Wales
The WNP has also expressed a strongly anti-nuclear stance, particularly in relation to the dumping of dredged mud from Hinkley Point in Somerset off the coast of Cardiff. Anti-nuclear campaigners have raised fears that dredging the seabed near the site of the new Hinckley Point C nuclear power station could be churning up contamination from the old Hinkley Point A and Hinckley Point B nuclear reactors and in turn meaning that contaminated mud is being dumped along the Cardiff coastline. McEvoy has been a longterm critic of the plans.
|#||Name||Portrait||Constituency||Took Office||Left Office|
|South Wales Central||15 January 2020||Present|
In February 2020, the Electoral Commission ruled that the party could not use the Welsh name 'Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru' due to its similarity to Plaid Cymru. In response, McEvoy stated that “we will be known as Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru in our national language, whatever appears on a ballot paper.”
On 1 May 2020, it was reported that Plaid Cymru were preparing to take the Electoral Commission to court over their decision to allow McEvoy to register the 'Welsh National Party'. Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 as 'Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru' (English: The National Party of Wales) but the party abandoned this name at some point in the 1940s in favour of Plaid Cymru (English: The Party of Wales) and was often referred to as 'The Welsh Party' in party literature of the time.
On 6 May, following the threat of legal action from Plaid Cymru, the Electoral Commission removed the Welsh National Party from the register of political parties, and a second application to register a name will now have to be made. In response, McEvoy described the decision as representing "a shameful day for democracy" and said that the party was seeking 'urgent legal advice' as well as a statement from the Speaker’s Committee, who oversee the Electoral Commission.
|5th National Assembly for Wales||
1 / 60
4 / 75
2 / 75
|Neath Port Talbot Council|
1 / 64
- "Neil McEvoy's new Welsh National Party sets its sights on disengaged voters". nation.cymru. 12 February 2020.
- "Expelled Plaid Cymru Assembly Member Neil McEvoy registers new 'Welsh National Party'". nation.cyrmu. 7 February 2020.
- "New Neil McEvoy movement hopes to 'Propel' Plaid Cymru towards election win". nation.cymru. 22 May 2018.
- "Neil McEvoy expelled by Plaid Cymru for 18 months". BBC News. 19 March 2018.
- "Sharp End May 21st". ITV. 22 May 2018.
- "Neil McEvoy withdraws application to re-join Plaid Cymru". nation.cymru. 10 July 2019.
- "Propel Wales Homepage (2018)". propel.wales. 27 October 2018. Archived from the original on 27 November 2018.
- "Propel Wales Homepage (2019)". propel.wales. 19 December 2019. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019.
- "Plaid Cymru Cardiff councillors resign party whip". BBC News. 23 October 2019.
- Masters, Adrian (10 February 2020). "Independent AM Neil McEvoy to launch new Welsh National Party". ITV.
- "Neil McEvoy's Welsh National Party forms first council group". nation.cymru. 24 February 2020.
- "NEATH PORT TALBOT COUNCILLOR JOINS THE WNP". wnp.wales. 30 March 2020.
- "GWYNEDD COUNCILLOR DYLAN BULLARD JOINS THE WNP". wnp.wales. 30 April 2020.
- "Second Gwynedd Councillor joins Neil McEvoy's new party". nation.cymru. 13 May 2020.
- "WNP PARTY LAUNCH POSTPONED UNTIL THE CORONAVIRUS RISK HAS PASSED". wnp.wales. 12 March 2020.
- "NNDM7170 - 2". record.assembly.wales. 22 October 2019.
- "Propel Wales Tweet". twitter.com. 22 October 2019.
- "Senedd rejects motion backing Welsh independence referendum if no-deal Brexit goes through". nation.cymru. 22 October 2019.
- "NNDM7170 - Amendment 2" (PDF). business.senedd.wales. 22 October 2019.
- "Plaid Cymru 'would hold Wales independence referendum'". bbc.co.uk. 24 March 2018.
- "The WNP Statement". wnp.wales. 2020.
- "NUCLEAR DUMPING IN WALES?". youtube.com. 13 May 2020.
- "Nuclear station mud dumping plans off Cardiff Bay revealed". bbc.co.uk. 5 February 2020.
- "Nuclear Mud #GeigerBay". neilmcevoy.wales. 14 March 2019.
- "Welsh National Party can't use Welsh language name, Electoral Commission rules". nation.cymru. 28 February 2020.
- "Plaid Cymru taking Electoral Commission to court over name of McEvoy's Welsh National Party". 1 May 2020.
- Williams, Gwyn A. (1993). "Writing on the Line" (PDF). gwynalfwilliams.co.uk. p. 16.
- "The Wages of Servitude" (PDF). hanesplaidcymru.org. Plaid Cymru. 1944.
- Hayward, Will (6 May 2020). "Neil McEvoy loses fight to call his new party the Welsh National Party". walesonline.co.uk.
- "Neil McEvoy's Welsh National Party removed from register after Plaid Cymru legal threat". nation.cymru. 6 May 2020.
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