Welsh language

Welsh (Cymraeg [kəmˈraːiɡ] (listen) or y Gymraeg [ə ɡəmˈraːiɡ]) is a Celtic language of the Brittonic subgroup that is native to the Welsh people. Welsh is spoken natively in Wales, by some in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina).[7] Historically, it has also been known in English as "British",[8] "Cambrian",[9] "Cambric"[10] and "Cymric".[11]

Cymraeg, y Gymraeg
RegionUnited Kingdom (Wales, England), Argentina (Chubut Province)
Early forms
Latin (Welsh alphabet)
Welsh Braille
Official status
Official language in
Recognised minority
language in
Argentina England
Regulated bythe Welsh Language Commissioner[6] and the Welsh Government (Llywodraeth Cymru)
Language codes
ISO 639-1cy
ISO 639-2wel (B)
cym (T)
ISO 639-3cym
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Video of a Welsh speaker.

The Welsh Language (Wales) Measure 2011 gave the Welsh language official status in Wales,[12] making it the only language that is de jure official in any part of the United Kingdom, with English being de facto official. Both the Welsh and English languages are de jure official languages of the Welsh Parliament, the Senedd.[13]

According to the 2011 census, the Welsh-speaking population of Wales aged three or older was 19.0% (562,016 people) and nearly three quarters of the population in Wales said they had no Welsh language skills.[14][15] Estimates suggest that 29.5% (892,200) of people aged three or older in Wales could speak Welsh in December 2021.[16] The Welsh government plans to increase the number of Welsh language speakers to one million by 2050. Since 1980, the number of children attending Welsh-medium schools has increased, and the number going to Welsh bilingual and dual-medium schools has decreased.[17] Welsh is the most vibrant of the Celtic languages in terms of active speakers, and is the only Celtic language not considered endangered by UNESCO.

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