West Java

West Java (Indonesian: Jawa Barat, Sundanese: ᮏᮝ ᮊᮥᮜᮧᮔ᮪, romanized Jawa Kulon) is a province of Indonesia on the western part of the island of Java, with its provincial capital in Bandung. West Java is bordered by the province of Banten and the country's capital region of Jakarta to the west, the Java Sea to the north, the province of Central Java to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. With Banten, this province is the native homeland of the Sundanese people, the second-largest ethnic group in Indonesia.

West Java
Jawa Barat
Province of West Java
Pasundan (Sundanese)
Sundanese homeland
Gemah Ripah Répéh Rapih (Sundanese)
Prosperous, Serene, Peaceful, Harmonious
   West Java in    Indonesia
Coordinates: 6°45′S 107°30′E
Established19 August 1945
Re-established14 July 1950
Largest cityBekasi
  BodyWest Java Provincial Government
  GovernorRidwan Kamil
  Deputy GovernorUu Ruzhanul Ulum
  LegislativeWest Java Regional People's Representative Council
  Total35,377.76 km2 (13,659.43 sq mi)
  Rank21st in Indonesia
Highest elevation3,078 m (10,098 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (mid 2021 estimate)[2]
  Rank1st in Indonesia
  Density1,379/km2 (3,570/sq mi)
   Rank2nd in Indonesia
  Ethnic groups
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
ISO 3166 codeID-JB
HDI (2021)[4] 0.725 (High)
HDI rank10th in Indonesia (2021)
GRP Nominal$150.30 billion[5]
GDP PPP (2019)$493.97 billion[5]
GDP rank3rd in Indonesia (2019)
Nominal per capitaUS$ 3,048 (2019)[5]
PPP per capitaUS$ 10,017 (2019)[5]
Per capita rank21st in Indonesia (2019)

West Java was one of the first eight provinces of Indonesia formed following the country's independence proclamation and was later legally re-established on 14 July 1950. In 1966, the city of Jakarta was split off from West Java as a 'special capital region' (Daerah Khusus Ibukota), with a status equivalent to that of a province,[6] while in 2000 the western parts of the province were in turn split away to form a separate Banten province.

Even following these split-offs, West Java is the most populous province of Indonesia with a population of 48,274,160 as of the 2020 Census,[7] which grew to 48,782,402 at mid 2021 according to the official estimates.[8] The province's largest cities, Bekasi (a satellite city within the Jakarta metropolitan area) and Bandung, are the third and fourth most populous cities in Indonesia respectively. Bandung is also one of the most densely populated cities proper in the world.[9]

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