West Kalimantan

West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat) is a province of Indonesia. It is one of five Indonesian provinces comprising Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city is Pontianak. The province has an area of 147,307 km², and had a population of 4,395,983 at the 2010 Census[3] and 5,414,390 at the 2020 Census.[1] Ethnic groups include the Dayak, Malay, Chinese, Javanese, Bugis, and Madurese. The borders of West Kalimantan roughly trace the mountain ranges surrounding the vast watershed of the Kapuas River, which drains most of the province. The province shares land borders with Central Kalimantan to the southeast, East Kalimantan to the east, and the Malaysian territory of Sarawak to the north.

West Kalimantan
Kalimantan Barat
Provinsi Seribu Sungai (Indonesian)
Province of the thousand rivers
Akçaya (Sanskrit)
Location West Kalimantan in Indonesia
Coordinates: 0°0′N 110°30′E
and largest city
Established1 January 1957
  BodyWest Kalimantan Provincial Government
  Vice GovernorRia Norsan [id]
  Total147,307 km2 (56,876 sq mi)
Area rank3rd in Indonesia
Highest elevation
(Mount Unjukbalui)
1,659 m (5,443 ft)
 (2020 Census)[1]
  Rank15th in Indonesia
  Density37/km2 (95/sq mi)
  Ethnic groups34.93% Dayak
33.84% Malay
9.74% Javanese
8.17% Chinese
6.27% Madurese
3.13% Buginese
3.91% other[2]
  Religion (2021)60.07% Islam
22.16% Catholicism
11.58% Protestantism
5.85% Buddhism
0.26% Confucianism
0.05% Hinduism
  LanguagesIndonesian (official), Bukar Sadong, Hakka, Iban, Kendayan, Jangkang, Pontianak Malay, Sambas Malay, Teochew, etc.
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
ISO 3166 codeID-KB
HDI (2019) 0.677 (medium)
HDI rank30th in Indonesia(2018)

West Kalimantan is an area that could be dubbed "The Province of a Thousand Rivers". The nickname is aligned with the geographical conditions that have hundreds of large and small rivers that which can be and often are navigable. Several major rivers are still the main route for freight to the hinterland, despite road infrastructure now reaching most districts.

Although a small part of West Kalimantan region is seawater, West Kalimantan has dozens of large and small islands (mostly uninhabited) spread along the Karimata Strait and Natuna Sea that borders the province of Riau Islands. The total population in the province, according to the 2000 census totalled 4,073,430 inhabitants (1.85% of Indonesia's population) and in 2010 it was 4,395,983, but by 2020 it had reached 5,414,390.