The Western Alps are the western part of the Alpine range including the southeastern part of France (i.e. Savoie), the whole of Monaco, the northwestern part of Italy and the southwestern part of Switzerland (i.e. Valais). In the southeast the range is bounded by the Italian Padan Plain. In the west, the valley of the Rhone river separates it from the Massif Central. The northernmost part of the Western Alps - in the wide meaning of the term - is formed by the Swiss Prealps sub-range.
|Elevation||4,810 m (15,780 ft)|
|Length||300 km (190 mi)|
|Width||150 to 185 km (93 to 115 mi)|
|Native name||French: Alpes occidentales|
Italian: Alpi occidentali
|Countries||Monaco, France, Italy and Switzerland|
|Borders on||Apennines, Rhone Valley, Jura mountains, Eastern Alps, Po plain and Ligurian sea|
The peaks and mountain passes are higher compared to the Eastern Alps, while the range itself is not so broad and more arched.
Partizione delle Alpi
In the Partizione delle Alpi (in English literally Partition of the Alps), adopted by the Italian Comitato Geografico Nazionale (National Geographic Committee) in 1926 following the IX Congresso Geografico Italiano (Italian Geographic Congress), the Alpine range is divided into three main parts: Western, Central and Eastern Alps.
The Partizione delle Alpi divides the Western Alps into the following eight sections (in brackets the section number):
- Umlauft, Friedrich (1889). The Alps. K. Paul, Trench & Company. p. 78.
- Archivio veneto, VV.AA., Deputazione di storia patria per le Venezie, 1971
- Italian official cartography (Istituto Geografico Militare - IGM); on-line version: www.pcn.minambiente.it
- French official cartography (Institut Géographique National - IGN); on-line version: www.geoportail.fr
- Swiss official cartography (Swiss Federal Office of Topography - Swisstopo); on-line version: map.geo.admin.ch
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