Gillespie Beach, Westland
|District||Westland District Council|
|• Mayor||Bruce Smith|
|• Total||11,880.19 km2 (4,586.97 sq mi)|
|• Density||0.75/km2 (1.9/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+12 (NZST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+13 (NZDT)|
Westland was originally a part of Canterbury Province, administered from Christchurch in the East coast. The booming population as a result of the gold rush, together with the difficulty of travel and communication across the Southern Alps, led first to the creation of a special Westland County, then the formal separation of Westland from Canterbury to form the short-lived Westland Province (1873–1876). Westland Province also included what is now the southern portion of Grey District with the provincial boundary at the Grey and Arnold rivers. Greymouth proper was in Westland Province, Cobden, on the north bank of the Grey River, was in Nelson Province .
After the abolition of the provinces in 1876, a new Westland County was created with roughly the same borders as the old Province. About this time, the population relative to the rest of the country began to decline, as the easily accessible gold soon ran out and the conditions were not ideal for farming. Local government changes saw the hinterland of Greymouth on both sides of the Grey River transformed into Greymouth Borough and Grey County and subsequently into Grey District, which includes portions of both historical provinces.
However Westland, as a unit of government, emerged largely intact from the local government reforms of the 1980s and 1990s, merely changing from a County to a District and incorporating the Borough of Hokitika.
Recently the population has begun to grow more quickly due to "lifestyle" residents moving into the District.
The District consists of a long thin strip of land between the crest of the Southern Alps and the Tasman Sea. The low-lying areas near the coast are a mixture of pastoral farmland and temperate rainforest. Westland temperate rainforests contain many conifers and receives high rates of precipitation due to orographic lifting caused by the Southern Alps. The eastern part of the District is steep and mountainous. Many small rivers flow down from the mountains. The southern part of the District notably contains the Franz Josef and Fox glaciers.
In the north, the Taramakau River, the largest river in the district, forms the boundary with the Grey District. The crest of the Southern Alps marks the eastern boundary. A small southern boundary lies between Westland proper and Fiordland, which lies within the Southland District. This boundary cannot be crossed by road.
As of June 2020, the Westland district has an estimated population of 8,920. The district is the most sparsely populated of New Zealand's 67 territorial authorities at 0.75 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.94/sq mi).
Westland District had a population of 8,640 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 336 people (4.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 237 people (2.8%) since the 2006 census. There were 3,747 households. There were 4,356 males and 4,287 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.02 males per female. The median age was 44.4 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 1,449 people (16.8%) aged under 15 years, 1,446 (16.7%) aged 15 to 29, 4,212 (48.8%) aged 30 to 64, and 1,536 (17.8%) aged 65 or older.
Ethnicities were 86.5% European/Pākehā, 14.4% Māori, 2.0% Pacific peoples, 5.2% Asian, and 3.0% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).
The proportion of people born overseas was 16.3%, compared with 27.1% nationally.
Although some people objected to giving their religion, 51.4% had no religion, 36.7% were Christian, 0.9% were Hindu, 0.3% were Muslim, 0.5% were Buddhist and 2.0% had other religions.
Of those at least 15 years old, 1,056 (14.7%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 1,656 (23.0%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $29,600, compared with $31,800 nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 3,975 (55.3%) people were employed full-time, 1,137 (15.8%) were part-time, and 153 (2.1%) were unemployed.
|Name||Population||Households||Median age||Median income|
|Northern Ward||2,907||1,197||46.9 years||$30,100|
|Hokitika Ward||3,651||1,605||47.4 years||$28,400|
|Southern Ward||2,082||945||35 years||$31,500|
|New Zealand||37.4 years||$31,800|
Urban areas and settlements
Hokitika, the district seat, is the only town in the Westland District with a population over 1,000. It is home to 2,920 people, 32.7% of the district's population.
Other settlements and localities in the district include:
- Notes: bold - settlement; normal text - locality; italics - minor locality
The Westland District is governed by an elected Council, headed by an elected Mayor. The Mayor is elected at large. The current Mayor is Bruce Smith. Councillors are elected to represent multi-member wards. Three councillors are elected for the Northern Ward, three for the Southern Ward, and four for the town of Hokitika.
The District is one of three included within the West Coast Region.
In the early years of settlement in Westland, gold was a major commodity, bringing prospectors flocking into the area. After the gold ran out, those who remained turned to pastoral farming. (Unlike the more northern parts of the West Coast, Westland has not developed coal mining.) In recent years, tourism has become more important, with drawcards such as the glaciers, and events such as the Hokitika Wildfoods Festival.
- "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Westland District (057). 2018 Census place summary: Westland District
- "2018 Census place summaries | Stats NZ". www.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 2020-12-14.