William II of the Netherlands

William II (Dutch: Willem Frederik George Lodewijk, anglicized as William Frederick George Louis; 6 December 1792 – 17 March 1849) was King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Duke of Limburg.

William II
1849 portrait by Nicolaas Pieneman
Reign7 October 1840 – 17 March 1849
Inauguration28 November 1840
PredecessorWilliam I
SuccessorWilliam III
Born(1792-12-06)6 December 1792
Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Dutch Republic
Died17 March 1849(1849-03-17) (aged 56)
Tilburg, Netherlands
Spouse
(m. 1816)
Issue
HouseOrange-Nassau
FatherWilliam I of the Netherlands
MotherWilhelmine of Prussia
ReligionDutch Reformed Church

William II was the son of William I and Wilhelmine of Prussia. When his father, who up to that time ruled as sovereign prince, proclaimed himself king in 1815, he became Prince of Orange as heir apparent of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. With the abdication of his father on 7 October 1840, William II became king. During his reign, the Netherlands became a parliamentary democracy with the new constitution of 1848.

William II was married to Anna Pavlovna of Russia. They had four sons and one daughter. William II died on 17 March 1849 and was succeeded by his son William III.


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