William I of the Netherlands

William I (Willem Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau; 24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843) was a Prince of Orange, the King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

William I
William in ceremonial robes, by Joseph Paelinck, 1819
King of the Netherlands
Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Reign16 March 1815 – 7 October 1840
Inauguration21 September 1815
SuccessorWilliam II
Prince of Nassau-Orange-Fulda
Reign25 February 1803 – 27 October 1806
Sovereign Prince
Reign20 November 1813 – 16 March 1815
Duke of Limburg
Reign5 September 1839 – 7 October 1840
PredecessorFrancis I
SuccessorWilliam II
Born(1772-08-24)24 August 1772
Huis ten Bosch, The Hague, Dutch Republic
Died12 December 1843(1843-12-12) (aged 71)
Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia
Burial
Spouse
    (m. 1791; died 1837)
      (m. 1841)
      IssueWilliam II of the Netherlands
      Prince Frederick
      Princess Pauline
      Princess Marianne
      HouseOrange-Nassau
      FatherWilliam V, Prince of Orange
      MotherPrincess Wilhelmina of Prussia
      ReligionDutch Reformed Church

      He was the son of the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. After an agreement with Napoleon, he became the ruler of the Principality of Nassau-Orange-Fulda from 1803 until 1806, when he was deposed by Napoleon. In November 1813, after the Defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig, he was asked to become the Sovereign Prince of the United Netherlands. He proclaimed himself King of the Netherlands on 16 March 1815. On 9 June of the same year, William I also became the Grand Duke of Luxembourg and in 1839 he became the Duke of Limburg. After his abdication in 1840, he styled himself King William Frederick, Count of Nassau.