William Rowan Hamilton
Sir William Rowan Hamilton LL.D, DCL, MRIA, FRAS (3/4 August 1805 – 2 September 1865) was an Irish mathematician, astronomer, and physicist. He was the Andrews Professor of Astronomy at Trinity College Dublin, and Royal Astronomer of Ireland, living at Dunsink Observatory.
Sir William Rowan Hamilton
|Born||4 August 1805|
|Died||2 September 1865 60) (aged|
|Alma mater||Trinity College Dublin|
|Known for||Hamilton's principle|
Coining the word 'tensor'
Coining the word 'scalar'
Hamiltonian vector field
|Spouse||Helen Maria Bayly|
|Children||William Edwin Hamilton, Archibald Henry Hamilton, Helen Eliza Amelia O'Regan, née Hamilton|
|Awards||Royal Medal (1835)|
Cunningham Medal (1834 and 1848)
|Fields||Mathematics, astronomy, physics|
|Institutions||Trinity College, Dublin|
|Academic advisors||John Brinkley|
John T. Graves
|Influenced||Peter Guthrie Tait|
Hamilton's scientific career included the study of geometrical optics, ideas from Fourier analysis, and his work on quaternions which made him one of the founders of modern linear algebra. He made major contributions in optics, classical mechanics and abstract algebra. His work was fundamental to modern theoretical physics, particularly his reformulation of Newtonian mechanics, now called Hamiltonian mechanics. It is now central both to electromagnetism and to quantum mechanics.