Wirral West (UK Parliament constituency)
Wirral West is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Margaret Greenwood of the Labour Party since 2015. A former bellwether seat, the constituency has the second smallest electorate of any in England as of 2019.
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||55,077 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Hoylake, West Kirby|
|Member of Parliament||Margaret Greenwood (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
Wirral West was created in 1983 from the northern part of the former Wirral constituency, which had traditionally elected Conservative MPs. Selwyn Lloyd was the predecessor constituency's MP from 1945 to 1976, serving as Foreign Secretary during the Eden ministry, Chancellor of the Exchequer during the Macmillan ministry and becoming Speaker of the Commons in 1971. Raised to the peerage in 1976, Lloyd resigned his seat and the ensuing by-election was won by David Hunt, who became the first MP for Wirral West in 1983. Hunt was a Cabinet member under Margaret Thatcher and John Major, serving as Secretary of State for Employment and twice as Secretary of State for Wales.
Hunt held the seat until 1997, when he lost to barrister Stephen Hesford of the Labour Party, but remained in Parliament as a member of the House of Lords. Hesford increased his majority in 2001 and narrowly retained the seat in 2005, despite a challenge at the latter election from former TV presenter and Conservative Esther McVey. On 22 January 2010, he announced his intention to step down at the next general election for family reasons.
New boundary changes implemented, McVey stood again and won the seat for the Conservatives at the 2010 general election, serving in the coalition government as a Work and Pensions minister during her tenure. If implemented in 2005, the 2010 boundary changes would have seen the Conservatives win the seat by 569 votes.
Wirral West had been described as a bellwether since its establishment, but bucked the trend at the 2015 general election when Labour's Margaret Greenwood narrowly defeated McVey, despite the Conservatives winning a parliamentary majority. Like the nearby City of Chester, it was one of the few Conservative-held marginals outside of London to be gained by Labour, who benefited from the constituency's collapse in Liberal Democrat support.
Sixth on the Conservative target list in 2017, Greenwood was comfortably re-elected to Wirral West with the highest winning vote share since the seat was first up for election in 1983. She was promoted to Jeremy Corbyn's shadow cabinet as the Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary in 2018, shadowing McVey who had returned to Parliament as the MP for Tatton. Greenwood was re-elected with a reduced vote share in 2019, and departed from the shadow cabinet upon Keir Starmer's election as Labour leader.
The constituency is one of four covering the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. It contains the towns of Hoylake and West Kirby, as well as areas such as Greasby, Thingwall, Irby, Meols, Upton Woodchurch and a small part of Heswall.
Members of Parliament
|1983||David Hunt||Conservative||MP for Wirral (1976–83)
Secretary of State for Wales (1990–93, 1995)
Secretary of State for Employment (1993–94)
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1994–95)
Member of the Privy Council (1990–)
Member of the House of Lords (1997–)
|2010||Esther McVey||Conservative||Former TV presenter
MP for Tatton (2017–)
|2015||Margaret Greenwood||Labour||Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (2018–20)|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Andy Corkhill||2,706||6.3||3.7|
|Brexit Party||John Kelly||860||2.0||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Reisdorf||1,155||2.6||0.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Reisdorf||1,433||3.4||13.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||3.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Reisdorf||6,630||16.8||N/A|
|Common Sense||David James||321||0.8||N/A|
|Conservative win (new boundaries)|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Jeffrey Clarke||6,652||16.1||0.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Simon Holbrook||6,300||15.6||2.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||John Thornton||5,945||12.7||1.9|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||13.8|
|Liberal Democrats||John Thornton||7,420||14.6||5.6|
|Natural Law||Nigel Broome||188||0.4||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Joe Thomas (2015-04-22). "General election 2015: 'Kingmaker' Wirral West voters hold keys to Downing Street". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- Harry Lambert (2015-04-20). "What are the top seats to watch in the election?". New Statesman. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)
- "Election results for WIRRAL WEST, 12 December 2019". democracy.wirral.gov.uk. 2019-12-12. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "Election results for WIRRAL WEST, 8 June 2017". democracy.wirral.gov.uk. 2017-06-08. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "Election Result for Wirral West Constituency on 7 May 2015 | WIRRAL Borough Council". www.wirral.gov.uk. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "Election Result for Wirral West constituency on 6 May 2010". ww3.wirral.gov.uk. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "Parliamentary Election results 2005 |". ww3.wirral.gov.uk. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS | VOTE 2001 | RESULTS & CONSTITUENCIES | Wirral West". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2021-06-07.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.