Wisconsin

Wisconsin (/wɪˈskɒnsɪn/ (listen)) is a state in the upper Midwestern United States, bordered by Minnesota to the west; Iowa to the southwest; Illinois to the south; Lake Michigan to the east; Michigan to the northeast; and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd-largest state by total area and the 20th-most populous.

Wisconsin
State of Wisconsin
Nickname(s): 
Badger State, America's Dairyland[1][2][3][4][5]
Motto(s): 
Forward
Anthem: "On, Wisconsin!"
Map of the United States with Wisconsin highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodWisconsin Territory
Admitted to the UnionMay 29, 1848 (30th)
CapitalMadison
Largest cityMilwaukee
Largest metro and urban areasMilwaukee
Government
  GovernorTony Evers (D)
  Lieutenant GovernorMandela Barnes (D)
LegislatureWisconsin Legislature
  Upper houseSenate
  Lower houseAssembly
JudiciaryWisconsin Supreme Court
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation
  • 5 Republicans
  • 3 Democrats
(list)
Area
  Total65,498.37 sq mi (169,640 km2)
  Land54,310 sq mi (140,663 km2)
Area rank23rd
Dimensions
  Length311 mi (507 km)
  Width260 mi (427 km)
Elevation
1,050 ft (320 m)
Highest elevation1,951 ft (595 m)
Lowest elevation579 ft (176 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total5,893,718[8]
  Rank20th
  Density105/sq mi (40.6/km2)
  Density rank23rd
  Median household income
$59,305[9]
  Income rank
23rd
Demonym(s)Wisconsinite
Language
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central)
  Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
WI
ISO 3166 codeUS-WI
Traditional abbreviationWis., Wisc.
Latitude42° 30' N to 47° 05′ N
Longitude86° 46′ W to 92° 54′ W
Websitewww.wisconsin.gov
Wisconsin state symbols
Living insignia
BirdAmerican robin
Turdus migratorius
FishMuskellunge
Esox masquinongy
FlowerWood violet
Viola sororia
InsectWestern honey bee
Apis mellifera
TreeSugar maple
Acer saccharum
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
DancePolka
FoodCorn
Zea mays
FossilTrilobite
Calymene celebra
MineralGalena
RockRed granite
SloganAmerica's Dairyland[10]
SoilAntigo silt loam
TartanWisconsin tartan
State route marker
State quarter
Released in 2004
Lists of United States state symbols

Three of its largest cities are situated on the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan, these include the largest, Milwaukee, as well as Green Bay and Kenosha, the third and fourth most populated Wisconsin cities respectively. The state capital, Madison, is currently the second most populated and fastest growing city in the state.[11] Wisconsin is divided into 72 counties and as of the 2020 census had a population of nearly 5.9 million.[12]

Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been greatly impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area. The Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is third to Ontario and Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline. The northern portion of the state is home to the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest.

At the time of European contact the area was inhabited by Algonquian and Siouan nations, and today is home to eleven federally recognized tribes.[13] During the 19th and early 20th centuries many European settlers entered the state, most of whom emigrated from Germany[14] and Scandinavia.[15] Wisconsin remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.[16]

The state is one of the nation's leading dairy producers and is known as "America's Dairyland"; it is particularly famous for its cheese.[17][18] The state is also famous for its beer, particularly and historically in Milwaukee. Its economy is dominated by manufacturing, healthcare, information technology, and agriculture; specifically dairy, cranberries and ginseng.[19] Tourism is also a major contributor to the state's economy.[20] The gross domestic product in 2020 was $348 billion.[21]