Wisconsin (// (listen)) is a state in the upper Midwestern United States, bordered by Minnesota to the west; Iowa to the southwest; Illinois to the south; Lake Michigan to the east; Michigan to the northeast; and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd-largest state by total area and the 20th-most populous.
|State of Wisconsin|
|Anthem: "On, Wisconsin!"|
|Before statehood||Wisconsin Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||May 29, 1848 (30th)|
|Largest metro and urban areas||Milwaukee|
|• Governor||Tony Evers (D)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Mandela Barnes (D)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||Assembly|
|Judiciary||Wisconsin Supreme Court|
|U.S. House delegation|
|• Total||65,498.37 sq mi (169,640 km2)|
|• Land||54,310 sq mi (140,663 km2)|
|• Length||311 mi (507 km)|
|• Width||260 mi (427 km)|
|Elevation||1,050 ft (320 m)|
|Highest elevation||1,951 ft (595 m)|
|Lowest elevation||579 ft (176 m)|
|• Density||105/sq mi (40.6/km2)|
|• Density rank||23rd|
|• Median household income||$59,305|
|• Income rank||23rd|
|Time zone||UTC−06:00 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-WI|
|Traditional abbreviation||Wis., Wisc.|
|Latitude||42° 30' N to 47° 05′ N|
|Longitude||86° 46′ W to 92° 54′ W|
|Wisconsin state symbols|
|Insect||Western honey bee|
|Soil||Antigo silt loam|
|State route marker|
Released in 2004
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Three of its largest cities are situated on the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan, these include the largest, Milwaukee, as well as Green Bay and Kenosha, the third and fourth most populated Wisconsin cities respectively. The state capital, Madison, is currently the second most populated and fastest growing city in the state. Wisconsin is divided into 72 counties and as of the 2020 census had a population of nearly 5.9 million.
Wisconsin's geography is diverse, having been greatly impacted by glaciers during the Ice Age with the exception of the Driftless Area. The Northern Highland and Western Upland along with a part of the Central Plain occupies the western part of the state, with lowlands stretching to the shore of Lake Michigan. Wisconsin is third to Ontario and Michigan in the length of its Great Lakes coastline. The northern portion of the state is home to the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest.
At the time of European contact the area was inhabited by Algonquian and Siouan nations, and today is home to eleven federally recognized tribes. During the 19th and early 20th centuries many European settlers entered the state, most of whom emigrated from Germany and Scandinavia. Wisconsin remains a center of German American and Scandinavian American culture.
The state is one of the nation's leading dairy producers and is known as "America's Dairyland"; it is particularly famous for its cheese. The state is also famous for its beer, particularly and historically in Milwaukee. Its economy is dominated by manufacturing, healthcare, information technology, and agriculture; specifically dairy, cranberries and ginseng. Tourism is also a major contributor to the state's economy. The gross domestic product in 2020 was $348 billion.