World Marathon Majors


The World Marathon Majors (WMM) (known for sponsorship reasons as the Abbott World Marathon Majors) is a championship-style competition for marathon runners that started in 2006. A points-based competition founded on six major marathon races recognised as the most high-profile on the calendar, the series comprises annual races for the cities of Tokyo,[1][2] Boston, London, Berlin, Chicago and New York. In addition, each edition of the series recognises and includes the results of the major global championship marathon held in that year, usually on a one-off lapped course. These races are the biennial IAAF World Championships Marathon, and the quadrennial Olympic Games Marathon.[3]

World Marathon Majors
SportMarathon running
Founded2006
No. of teamsindividual sport
Official websitewww.worldmarathonmajors.com

History


Each World Marathon Majors series originally spanned two full calendar years; the second year of a series overlapped with the first year of the next. Starting in 2015, each series began with a defined city race and ended with the following race in the same city. So, series IX started in February 2015 at the 2015 Tokyo Marathon and ended there in February 2016 at the 2016 Tokyo Marathon. Series X started at the 2016 Boston Marathon and finished at the 2017 Boston Marathon. Series XI started at the 2017 London Marathon and finished at the 2018 London Marathon.

It began being sponsored by Abbott Laboratories in 2015.[4] On April 26, 2017 Dalian Wanda Group Co., Ltd., one of the leading Chinese private conglomerates, announced a ten-year strategic partnership aimed at the continued growth and development of marathon events worldwide.

Beginning with Series X at the 2016 Boston Marathon wheelchair competitions were added for men and women.

At the end of each of the first 10 WMM series the leading man and woman each won $500,000, making a total prize of one million U.S. dollars. Beginning with Series XI, the prize structure was revised so that for men and women first place became $250,000, second place $50,000 and third place $25,000. In the wheelchair division the prize money for men and women is $50,000 (first), $25,000 (second) and $10,000 (third).

Scoring system


Athletes who competed in the marathons originally received points for finishing in any of the top five places (1st place: 25 points; 2nd place: 15 points; 3rd place: 10 points; 4th place: 5 points; 5th place: 1 point). Their four highest ranks over the two-year period were counted; if an athlete scored points in more than this number, the athlete's four best races were scored. To be eligible for the jackpot, an athlete had to compete in at least one qualifying race in each calendar year of the series.

In 2015, the scoring was revised (1st place: 25 points; 2nd place: 16 points; 3rd place: 9 points; 4th place: 4 points; 5th place: 1 point). The two highest ranks during the scoring period would be counted, with only the best two if more than that number.

For the first three series if there were equal top scores at the end of the competition the tiebreakers were head-to-head competition and, if necessary, a majority vote of the five WMM race directors. This happened in the 2007–08 women's competition.

Beginning in 2009–10 season, following best head-to-head record, the following tie-breakers were implemented, in descending order: the person who achieved his or her points in the fewest races, the person who won the most qualifying races during the period, the person with the fastest average time in their scoring races, and a majority vote of the six-race directors. If the final circumstance is necessary, the race directors could award the title jointly.

Major marathons by year


The following marathons have been part of the series in each year:

Year Tokyo Boston London Berlin Chicago New York IAAF World Champs Olympics
2006 Not held 17 April 23 April 24 September 22 October 5 November Not held Not held
2007 Wasn't part of WMM 16 April 22 April 30 September 7 October 4 November 25 Aug / 2 Sep (Osaka) Not held
2008 Wasn't part of WMM 21 April 13 April 28 September 12 October 2 November Not held 24 Aug / 17 Aug (Beijing)
2009 Wasn't part of WMM 20 April 26 April 20 September 11 October 1 November 22 Aug / 23 Aug (Berlin) Not held
2010 Wasn't part of WMM 19 April 25 April 26 September 10 October 7 November Not held Not held
2011 Wasn't part of WMM 18 April 17 April 25 September 9 October 6 November 4 Sep / 27 Aug (Daegu) Not held
2012 Wasn't part of WMM 16 April 22 April 30 September 7 October Cancelled[lower-alpha 1] Not held 12 Aug / 5 Aug (London)
2013 24 February 15 April 21 April 29 September 13 October 3 November 17 Aug / 10 Aug (Moscow) Not held
2014 23 February 21 April 13 April 28 September 12 October 2 November Not held Not held
2015 22 February 20 April 26 April 27 September 11 October 1 November 22 Aug / 30 Aug (Beijing) Not held
2016 28 February 18 April 24 April 25 September 9 October 6 November Not held 21 Aug / 14 Aug (Rio de Janeiro)
2017 28 February 17 April 23 April 24 September 8 October 5 November 6 Aug / 6 Aug (London) Not held
2018 25 February 16 April 22 April 16 September 7 October 4 November Not held Not held
2019 3 March 15 April 28 April 29 September 13 October 3 November 6 Oct / 28 Sep (Doha) Not held
2020 1 March Cancelled[lower-alpha 2] 4 October[lower-alpha 3] Cancelled[lower-alpha 4] Cancelled[lower-alpha 5] Cancelled[lower-alpha 6] Not held Rescheduled[lower-alpha 7]
2021 17 October 11 October 3 October 26 September 10 October 7 November Rescheduled 1 Aug / 8 Aug (Tokyo)[lower-alpha 7]

Major marathons champions


Men's

Year Tokyo Boston London Berlin Chicago New York World (WCh) or Olympic (OG)
2006 Not held Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (1/4) Felix Limo Haile Gebrselassie (1/4) Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (2/4) Marilson Gomes dos Santos (1/2) N/A
2007 Was not part of WMM Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (3/4) Martin Lel (1/3) Haile Gebrselassie (2/4) Patrick Ivuti Martin Lel (2/3) Luke Kibet (Osaka) WCh
2008 Was not part of WMM Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (4/4) Martin Lel (3/3) Haile Gebrselassie (3/4) Evans Cheruiyot Marilson Gomes dos Santos (2/2) Samuel Wanjiru (Beijing) OG (1/4)
2009 Was not part of WMM Deriba Merga Samuel Wanjiru (2/4) Haile Gebrselassie (4/4) Samuel Wanjiru (3/4) Meb Keflezighi (1/2) Abel Kirui (Berlin) WCh (1/2)
2010 Was not part of WMM Robert Kiprono Cheruiyot Tsegaye Kebede (1/3) Patrick Musyoki (1/2) Samuel Wanjiru (4/4) Gebregziabher Gebremariam N/A
2011 Was not part of WMM Geoffrey Mutai (1/4) Emmanuel Mutai Patrick Musyoki (2/2) Moses Mosop Geoffrey Mutai (2/4) Abel Kirui (Daegu) WCh (2/2)
2012 Was not part of WMM Wesley Korir Wilson Kipsang (1/5) Geoffrey Mutai (3/4) Tsegaye Kebede (2/3) Cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy Stephen Kiprotich (London) OG (1/2)
2013 Dennis Kimetto (1/3) Lelisa Desisa (1/4) Tsegaye Kebede (3/3) Wilson Kipsang (2/5) Dennis Kimetto (2/3) Geoffrey Mutai (4/4) Stephen Kiprotich (Moscow) WCh (2/2)
2014 Dickson Chumba (1/3) Meb Keflezighi (2/2) Wilson Kipsang (3/5) Dennis Kimetto (3/3) Eliud Kipchoge (1/9) Wilson Kipsang (4/5) N/A
2015 Endeshaw Negesse Lelisa Desisa (2/4) Eliud Kipchoge (2/9) Eliud Kipchoge (3/9) Dickson Chumba (2/3) Stanley Biwott Ghirmay Ghebreslassie (Beijing) WCh
2016 Feyisa Lilesa Lemi Berhanu Hayle Eliud Kipchoge (4/9) Kenenisa Bekele (1/2) Abel Kirui Ghirmay Ghebreslassie Eliud Kipchoge (Rio de Janeiro) OG (5/9)
2017 Wilson Kipsang (5/5) Geoffrey Kirui (1/2) Daniel Wanjiru Eliud Kipchoge (6/9) Galen Rupp Geoffrey Kamworor Geoffrey Kirui (London) WCh (2/2)
2018 Dickson Chumba (3/3) Yuki Kawauchi Eliud Kipchoge (7/9) Eliud Kipchoge (8/9) Mo Farah Lelisa Desisa (3/4) N/A
2019 Birhanu Legese (1/2) Lawrence Cherono (1/2) Eliud Kipchoge (9/9) Kenenisa Bekele (2/2) Lawrence Cherono (2/2) Geoffrey Kamworor Lelisa Desisa (Doha) WCh (4/4)
2020 Birhanu Legese (2/2) Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Shura Kitata Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Rescheduled[lower-alpha 7]

Women's

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon World (WCh) or Olympic (OG)
2006 Not held Rita Jeptoo (1/3) Deena Kastor Gete Wami (1/2) Berhane Adere (1/2) Jelena Prokopcuka N/A
2007 Was not part of WMM Lidiya Grigoryeva (1/2) Zhou Chunxiu Gete Wami (2/2) Berhane Adere (2/2) Paula Radcliffe (1/2) Catherine Ndereba (Osaka) WCh
2008 Was not part of WMM Dire Tune Irina Mikitenko (1/4) Irina Mikitenko (2/4) Lidiya Grigoryeva (2/2) Paula Radcliffe (2/2) Constantina Tomescu (Beijing) OG
2009 Was not part of WMM Salina Kosgei Irina Mikitenko (3/4) Atsede Habtamu Irina Mikitenko (4/4) Derartu Tulu Bai Xue (Berlin) WCh
2010 Was not part of WMM Teyba Erkesso Aselefech Mergia Aberu Kebede (1/4) Atsede Baysa (1/3) Edna Kiplagat (1/5) N/A
2011 Was not part of WMM Caroline Kilel Mary Keitany (1/7) Florence Kiplagat (1/4) Ejegayehu Dibaba Firehiwot Dado Edna Kiplagat (Daegu) WCh (2/5)
2012 Was not part of WMM Sharon Cherop Mary Keitany (2/7) Aberu Kebede (2/4) Atsede Baysa (2/3) Cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy Tiki Gelana (London) OG
2013 Aberu Kebede (3/4) Rita Jeptoo (2/3) Priscah Jeptoo (1/2) Florence Kiplagat (2/4) Rita Jeptoo (3/3) Priscah Jeptoo (2/2) Edna Kiplagat (Moscow) WCh (3/5)
2014 Tirfi Tsegaye (1/2) Bizunesh Deba Edna Kiplagat (4/5) Tirfi Tsegaye (2/2) Mare Dibaba (1/2) Mary Keitany (3/7) N/A
2015 Birhane Dibaba (1/2) Caroline Rotich Tigist Tufa Gladys Cherono (1/3) Florence Kiplagat (3/4) Mary Keitany (4/7) Mare Dibaba (Beijing) WCh (2/2)
2016 Helah Kiprop Atsede Baysa (3/3) Jemima Sumgong Aberu Kebede (4/4) Florence Kiplagat (4/4) Mary Keitany (5/7) Jemima Sumgong (Rio de Janeiro) OG
2017 Sarah Chepchirchir Edna Kiplagat (5/5) Mary Keitany (6/7) Gladys Cherono (2/2) Tirunesh Dibaba Shalane Flanagan Rose Chelimo (London) WCh
2018 Birhane Dibaba (2/2) Desiree Linden Vivian Cheruiyot Gladys Cherono (3/3) Brigid Kosgei (1/4) Mary Keitany (7/7) N/A
2019 Ruti Aga Worknesh Degefa Brigid Kosgei (2/4) Ashete Bekere Brigid Kosgei (3/4) Joyciline Jepkosgei Ruth Chepngetich (Doha) WCh
2020 Lonah Chemtai Salpeter Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Brigid Kosgei (4/4) Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Rescheduled[lower-alpha 7]

Men's wheelchair

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2016 Was not part of WMM Marcel Hug Marcel Hug Marcel Hug Marcel Hug Marcel Hug
2017 Sho Watanabe Marcel Hug David Weir Marcel Hug Marcel Hug Marcel Hug
2018 Hiroyuki Yamamoto Marcel Hug David Weir Brent Lakatos Daniel Romanchuk Daniel Romanchuk
2019 Marcel Hug Daniel Romanchuk Daniel Romanchuk Marcel Hug Daniel Romanchuk Daniel Romanchuk
2020 Tomoki Suzuki Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Brent Lakatos Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic)

Women's wheelchair

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2016 Was not part of WMM Tatyana McFadden Tatyana McFadden Manuela Schär Tatyana McFadden Tatyana McFadden
2017 Amanda McGrory Manuela Schär Manuela Schär Manuela Schär Tatyana McFadden Manuela Schär
2018 Manuela Schär Tatyana McFadden Madison de Rozario Manuela Schär Manuela Schär Manuela Schär
2019 Manuela Schär Manuela Schär Manuela Schär Manuela Schär Manuela Schär Manuela Schär
2020 Tsubasa Kina Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Nikita den Boer Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic) Cancelled (COVID-19 pandemic)

Winners by season


The winners by season listed below.[11]

Men's series winners

SeasonNo.Start eventFinal eventWinnerCountryPointsNotesRef
2006–07I2006 Boston2007 New York CityRobert Kipkoech Cheruiyot Kenya80 pts[12]
2007–08II2007 Boston2008 New York CityMartin Lel Kenya76 pts[13]
2008–09III2008 Boston2009 New York CitySamuel Wanjiru Kenya80 pts[14]
2009–10IV2009 Boston2010 New York CitySamuel Wanjiru (2) Kenya75 pts[14]
2010–11V2010 Boston2011 New York CityEmmanuel Mutai Kenya70 pts[15]
2011–12VI2011 Boston2012 ChicagoGeoffrey Mutai Kenya75 pts[15]
2012–13VII2012 Boston2013 New York CityTsegaye Kebede Ethiopia75 pts[16]
2013–14VIII2013 Tokyo2014 New York CityWilson Kipsang Kenya76 pts[17]
2015–16IX2015 Tokyo2016 TokyoEliud Kipchoge Kenya50 pts[11]
2016–17X2016 Boston2017 BostonEliud Kipchoge (2) Kenya50 pts[11]
2017–18XI2017 London2018 LondonEliud Kipchoge (3) Kenya50 pts[18]
2018–19XII2018 Berlin2019 BerlinEliud Kipchoge (4) Kenya50 pts

Women's series winners

SeasonNo.Start eventFinal eventWinnerCountryPointsNotesRef
2006–07I2006 Boston2007 New York CityGete Wami Ethiopia80 pts
2007–08II2007 Boston2008 New York CityIrina Mikitenko Germany65 ptsTied with Gete Wami; but deemed winner by race directors' vote[13]
2008–09III2008 Boston2009 New York CityIrina Mikitenko (2) Germany90 pts[13]
2009–10IV2009 Boston2010 New York CityIrina Mikitenko (3) Germany55 pts[13]
2010–11V2010 Boston2011 New York CityEdna Kiplagat Kenya60 ptsAwarded after a doping case against original winner (see notes)[19]
2011–12VI2011 Boston2012 ChicagoMary Keitany Kenya65 pts[15]
2012–13VII2012 Boston2013 New York CityPriscah Jeptoo Kenya75 pts[16]
2013–14VIII2013 Tokyo2014 New York CityEdna Kiplagat (2) Kenya65 ptsAwarded after a doping case against original winner (see notes)[11]
2015–16IX2015 Tokyo2016 TokyoMary Keitany (2) Kenya41 ptsTied with Mare Dibaba & Helah Kiprop; winner by race directors' vote[11]
2016–17X2016 Boston2017 BostonEdna Kiplagat (3) Kenya41 ptsAwarded after a doping case against original winner (see notes)[11]
2017–18XI2017 London2018 LondonMary Keitany (3) Kenya41 ptsWinner due to better head-to-head record versus Tirunesh Dibaba[18]
2018–19XII2018 Berlin2019 BerlinBrigid Kosgei Kenya50 pts
Notes
  • Liliya Shobukhova (Russia) was the original winner in 2009–10 and 2010–11 (series IV and V), but she was disqualified from competition for a doping violation in April 2014 and all her results from 9 October 2009 have been annulled.[11][20]
  • Rita Jeptoo (Kenya) won four races in the 2013–14 series but gave positive A and B samples in an out-of-competition test in September 2014. Her standings and the final results of the 2013–14 series have been determined at the completion of the due legal process and the outcome of an appeal. As a result, the Series VIII title has been awarded to Edna Kiplagat.[11]
  • Edna Kiplagat (Kenya) was crowned women's Series X champion of the 2016–17 season following the doping investigation and legal process against Jemima Sumgong (Kenya), who won two races in 2016 but gave a positive sample in an out-of-competition test in February 2017.[11]

Wheelchair series winners

Beginning with Series X at the 2016 Boston Marathon wheelchair competitions were added for men and women.[11]

Majors milestones


Six star finishers


Six star finishers are marathoners who have completed all 6 of the World Marathon Majors. In 2016 following the Tokyo Marathon a Six Star Finisher Medal was introduced[21] In July 2018 a "Reach for the Stars" campaign was launched wherein a runner could claim a star for each WMM race completed. The system allows runners to create a profile, search for their ‘stars’ and add them to their page.[22]

Following the WMM Series XI in April 2018, the verified total of Six Star Finishers was 3,786.

See also


Notes


  1. The 2012 New York Marathon was originally scheduled for 4 November, but cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy.[5]
  2. The 2020 Boston Marathon was originally scheduled for 20 April, then postponed to 14 September and later cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[6]
  3. Postponed from 26 April due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  4. The 2020 Berlin Marathon was originally scheduled for 27 September, but cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany to prevent large gatherings.[7]
  5. The 2020 Chicago Marathon was originally scheduled for 11 October, but was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[8]
  6. The 2020 New York City Marathon was originally scheduled for 1 November, but was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[9]
  7. Postponed from 2 and 9 August due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[10]

References


  1. McCracken, Amanda. "World Marathon Majors 2014 Season Kicks Off in Japan". Running Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  2. Belson, Ken. "Tokyo Will Be Added as Sixth Major Marathon". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. How It Works. World Marathon Majors. Retrieved on 2011-11-07.
  4. "ABBOTT CELEBRATES THE POWER OF HEALTH AND ACHIEVEMENT AS FIRST-EVER TITLE SPONSOR OF WORLD MARATHON MAJORS". World Marathon Majors. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  5. Belson, Ken. "After Days of Pressure, Marathon Is Off". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  6. Waller, John. "The 2020 Boston Marathon has been canceled". Boston.com. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  7. Futterman, Matthew (21 April 2020). "Berlin Marathon Is Canceled as Germany Extends Ban on Large Events". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  8. Horng, Eric (13 July 2020). "Chicago Marathon 2020 cancelled due to COVID-19, refunds offered by organisers". WLS-TV. Archived from the original on 14 July 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  9. "2020 TCS New York City Marathon, Scheduled for November 1, Is Canceled Due to Coronavirus-Related Health and Safety Concerns".
  10. "IOC, IPC, TOKYO 2020 ORGANISING COMMITTEE AND TOKYO METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCE NEW DATES FOR THE OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC GAMES TOKYO 2020". International Olympic Committee. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  11. "Previous Champions".
  12. Ekstrom, Sharon. "UP CLOSE & PERSONAL --". Marathon Guide. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  13. Musumba, Chris. "Wanjiru on course to win World Marathon Majors". The East African. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  14. Larkin, Duncan (2010-11-09). "Wanjiru and Shobukhova Win World Marathon Majors". Competitor. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  15. Komen, Jonathan (15 April 2014). "Hunt on for WMM cash: Kenya dominate quest for Marathon Majors jackpot". The Standard. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  16. Lotsbom, Chris (2013-11-03). "Man Among Boys Geoffrey Mutai Wins 2013 ING NYC Marathon, Kebede Wins $500,000 World Marathon Majors Title". Letsrun.com. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  17. "Wilson Kipsang Wins 2013-2014 World Marathon Majors Series Title". World Marathon Majors. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  18. "Leaderboards".
  19. "World Marathon Majors statement". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-08-06.
  20. "Liliya Shobukhova to be stripped of World Marathon Majors titles". 2015-08-06.
  21. http://running.competitor.com/2016/02/news/the-crown-jewel-of-race-medals-world-marathon-majors-debuts-six-star-finisher-medal_146296
  22. https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/news-media/latest-news/runners-invited-to-reachforthestars/