Xhosa (/ /,, Xhosa pronunciation: [kǁʰóːsa]) also isiXhosa as an endonym, is a Nguni language and one of the official languages of South Africa and Zimbabwe. Xhosa is spoken as a first language by approximately 8.2 million people and by another 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng and Northern Cape. It has perhaps the heaviest functional load of click consonants in a Bantu language (approximately tied with Yeyi), with one count finding that 10% of basic vocabulary items contained a click.
|Native to||South Africa|
|Region||Eastern Cape |
southern parts of Free State
eastern parts of Gauteng
southern parts of KwaZulu-Natal
eastern parts of Northern Cape
|8.2 million (2020 March 2008)|
11 million L2 speakers (2002) isiXhosa is one of the official languages of post-apartheid South Africa.
|Latin (Xhosa alphabet)|
Ditema tsa Dinoko
Official language in
Proportion of the South African population that speaks Xhosa at home