Xhosa language

Xhosa (/ˈkɔːsə, ˈksə/,[5][6][7] Xhosa pronunciation: [kǁʰóːsa]) also isiXhosa as an endonym, is a Nguni language and one of the official languages of South Africa and Zimbabwe.[8][9] Xhosa is spoken as a first language by approximately 8.2 million people and by another 11 million as a second language in South Africa, mostly in Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng and Northern Cape. It has perhaps the heaviest functional load of click consonants in a Bantu language (approximately tied with Yeyi), with one count finding that 10% of basic vocabulary items contained a click.[10]

Xhosa
isiXhosa
Pronunciation[ᵏǁʰóːsa] (listen)
Native toSouth Africa
RegionEastern Cape
Western Cape
southern parts of Free State
eastern parts of Gauteng
southern parts of KwaZulu-Natal
eastern parts of Northern Cape
EthnicityXhosa people
Native speakers
8.2 million (2020 March 2008)[1]
11 million L2 speakers (2002)[2] isiXhosa is one of the official languages of post-apartheid South Africa.
Dialects
  • Gcaleka & Rharhabe
  • abaThembu
  • amaMpondo
  • amaMpondomise
  • amaBhaca
  • amaHlubi
  • amaMfengu
  • amaXesibe
Latin (Xhosa alphabet)
Xhosa Braille
Ditema tsa Dinoko
Signed Xhosa[3]
Official status
Official language in
 South Africa
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1xh
ISO 639-2xho
ISO 639-3xho
Glottologxhos1239
S.41[4]
Linguasphere99-AUT-fa incl.
varieties 99-AUT-faa
to 99-AUT-faj +
99-AUT-fb (isiHlubi)
Proportion of the South African population that speaks Xhosa at home
  0–20%
  20–40%
  40–60%
  60–80%
  80–100%
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Xhosa
PersonUmXhosa
PeopleAmaXhosa
LanguageIsiXhosa
CountryKwaXhosa

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Xhosa language, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.