Yale University

Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 as the Collegiate School, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and among the most prestigious in the world.[7][8]

Yale University
Latin: Universitas Yalensis
Former names
Collegiate School (1701–1718)
Yale College (1718–1887)
MottoLux et veritas (Latin)
אורים ותומים (Hebrew)
Motto in English
"Light and truth"
TypePrivate research university
EstablishedOctober 9, 1701; 320 years ago (1701-10-09)
AccreditationNECHE
Academic affiliations
Endowment$42.3 billion (2021)[1]
PresidentPeter Salovey[2]
ProvostScott Strobel[3]
Academic staff
4,869 (Fall 2019)[4]
Students12,060 (Fall 2020)[5]
Undergraduates4,703 (Fall 2020)[5]
Postgraduates7,357 (Fall 2020)[5]
Location, ,
United States

41°18′59″N 72°55′20″W
CampusMidsize City, 1,015 acres (411 ha)
NewspaperThe Yale Daily News
Colors  Yale Blue[6]
NicknameBulldogs
Sporting affiliations
MascotHandsome Dan
Websitewww.yale.edu
Official seal used by the college and the university

Chartered by the Connecticut Colony, the Collegiate School was established in 1701 by clergy to educate Congregational ministers before moving to New Haven in 1716. Originally restricted to theology and sacred languages, the curriculum began to incorporate humanities and sciences by the time of the American Revolution.[citation needed] In the 19th century, the college expanded into graduate and professional instruction, awarding the first PhD in the United States in 1861 and organizing as a university in 1887. Yale's faculty and student populations grew after 1890 with rapid expansion of the physical campus and scientific research.[citation needed]

Yale is organized into fourteen constituent schools: the original undergraduate college, the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and twelve professional schools. While the university is governed by the Yale Corporation, each school's faculty oversees its curriculum and degree programs. In addition to a central campus in downtown New Haven, the university owns athletic facilities in western New Haven, a campus in West Haven, and forests and nature preserves throughout New England. As of 2021, the university's endowment was valued at $42.3 billion, the second largest of any educational institution.[1] The Yale University Library, serving all constituent schools, holds more than 15 million volumes and is the third-largest academic library in the United States.[9][10] Students compete in intercollegiate sports as the Yale Bulldogs in the NCAA Division IIvy League.

As of October 2020, 65 Nobel laureates, five Fields Medalists, four Abel Prize laureates, and three Turing Award winners have been affiliated with Yale University. In addition, Yale has graduated many notable alumni, including five U.S. presidents, 10 Founding Fathers, 19 U.S. Supreme Court Justices, 31 living billionaires,[11] 54 College founders and presidents, many heads of state, cabinet members and governors. Hundreds of members of Congress and many U.S. diplomats, 78 MacArthur Fellows, 252 Rhodes Scholars, 123 Marshall Scholars, 102 Guggenheim Fellows and nine Mitchell Scholars have been affiliated with the university. Yale is a member of the Big Three. Yale's current faculty include 67 members of the National Academy of Sciences,[12] 55 members of the National Academy of Medicine,[13] 8 members of the National Academy of Engineering,[14] and 187 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.[15] The college is, after normalization for institution size, the tenth-largest baccalaureate source of doctoral degree recipients in the United States, and the largest such source within the Ivy League.[16] It also is a top 10 (ranked seventh), after normalization for the number of graduates, baccalaureate source of some of the most notable scientists (Nobel, Fields, Turing prizes, or membership in National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Medicine, or National Academy of Engineering).[17]


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