Yepes


Yepes is a villa (town) in the northern region of the province of Toledo, in the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha, Spain.

Yepes
Yepes
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 39°54′10″N 3°37′25″W
Country Spain
Autonomous community Castile-La Mancha
ProvinceToledo
ComarcaMesa de Ocaña
Judicial districtOcaña
FoundedSee text
Government
  AlcaldeAntonio Rodríguez-Tembleco de la Oliva (2007)
Area
  Total85 km2 (33 sq mi)
Elevation
699 m (2,293 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
  Total5,083
  Density60/km2 (150/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Yepero, ra Yepesino, na Hipponense, sa
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
45313
Dialing code34 (España) + 925 (provincia de Toledo) + 154/155/147
Official language(s)Spanish

Population


  • The first numbers about the population of Yepes date back to 1534 and account for some 4000 or 5000 inhabitants.
  • In the 20th century the population was 4767 (INE 2005).
  • As the last update (2006): population was some 5200 inhabitants.

Geography


Situated on the westernmost part of the comarca called La Mesa de Ocaña (the plateau of Ocaña), its limits are:

History


Yepes has the first documented human presence in a Celtiberian village, founded ca. 600 BC.

The former Hippo or Hippona of the Carpetanians, where the Celtiberians defeated the Roman troops of Quintius and Calpurnius, derives its current from the times of the Muslim rule, when it was called Hepes, which in turn would produce Hiepes, Iepes and finally Yepes. It is possible that Hepes be a mozarabic toponym.

During the reign of Alfonso VII, "Yepes and its castle" are ceded to the Concello (Council) of San Nicolás.

Monuments


Plaza Mayor (Main Square)

The plan was originally triangular, with the Church and the Archiepiscopal Palace at the sides, and an administrative building at the base. During the 16th century it served as a place for spectacles. Besides, testimonies of the time reveal that there was a good mesón at it.

Later, in the 18th century, the Archiepiscopal Palace was modified in order to create 19 homes for people living in caves and a slaughter house, thus giving the square its current rectangular shape.

Colegiata de San Benito Abad

This church, dedicated to abbot Saint Benito, was designed by Alonso de Covarrubias, master of the Toledo Cathedral. It is a splendid building of white stone, dating from late Gothic and early Renaissance. It consists of three naves, plus two series of side chapels and a 70-metre tower.

References


  1. Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.

Sources


- Website of the Diputación of the province of Toledo