York County, Pennsylvania
York County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 434,972. Its county seat is York. The county was created on August 19, 1749, from part of Lancaster County and named either after the Duke of York, an early patron of the Penn family, or for the city and county of York in England.
York County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
|Founded||August 19, 1749|
|Named for||Duke of York|
|• Total||911 sq mi (2,360 km2)|
|• Land||904 sq mi (2,340 km2)|
|• Water||6.5 sq mi (17 km2) 0.7%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||493/sq mi (190/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Congressional districts||10th, 11th|
York County comprises the York-Hanover, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, Pennsylvania Combined Statistical Area. It is in the Susquehanna Valley, a large fertile agricultural region in South Central Pennsylvania.
Based on the Articles of Confederation having been adopted in York by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, the local government and business community began referring to York in the 1960s as the first capital of the United States of America. The designation has been debated by historians ever since. Congress considered York, and the borough of Wrightsville, on the eastern side of York County along the Susquehanna River, as a permanent capital of the United States before Washington, D.C., was selected.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 911 square miles (2,360 km2), of which 904 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 6.5 square miles (17 km2) (0.7%) is water. The county is bound to its eastern border by the Susquehanna River. Its southern border is the Mason–Dixon line, which separates Pennsylvania and Maryland. Within the U.S. piedmont region, York County is generally hilly and rises to the Blue Ridge Mountains in the northwest, where it is bordered by Yellow Breeches Creek. Interior waterways include Codorus and Conewago Creeks, and Lakes Lehman, Kiwanis, Marburg, Pahagaco, Pinchot, Redman, and Williams.
- Cumberland County (north)
- Dauphin County (northeast)
- Lancaster County (east)
- Harford County, Maryland (southeast)
- Baltimore County, Maryland (south)
- Carroll County, Maryland (southwest)
- Adams County (west)
Major roads and highways
|Climate data for York Airport, Pennsylvania (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1997–present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||72
|Average high °F (°C)||38.6
|Average low °F (°C)||20.6
|Record low °F (°C)||−12
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.93
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||8.9
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||10.0||9.8||11.1||12.1||12.8||11.7||10.9||10.0||9.5||8.4||10.3||10.0||126.6|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||3.8||2.7||1.5||0.3||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.5||1.7||10.5|
|Source: NOAA (snow, precipitation days, and snow days from York 3 SSW Pump Station COOP)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 381,751 people, 148,219 households, and 105,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 422 people per square mile (163/km2). There were 156,720 housing units at an average density of 173 per square mile (67/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.76% White, 3.69% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.96% of the population. 42.0% were of German, 12.6% American, 7.7% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.1% Italian ancestry. 94.8% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.
There were 148,219 households, out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.
As of 2006, the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area was the fastest-growing metro area in the Northeast region, and was ranked among the fastest-growing in the nation, according to the "2006 Population Estimates for Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (U.S. Census Bureau). The estimates listed York-Hanover as the 95th fastest-growing metro area in the nation, increasing 9.1 percent between 2000 and 2006.
York city had a 77.3 percent increase in the number of residents of Hispanic or Latino origin, based on a comparison of the 2000 and 2010 U.S. census results. The city's 30.9 percent Hispanic population (as of December 2017) is more than that of other places in the area.
York County is home to Martin's Potato Chips in Thomasville, Utz Quality Foods, Inc. in Hanover, Snyder's of Hanover in Hanover, Hanover Foods in Hanover, Gibble's Potato Chips in York, Wolfgang Candy in York, The Bon-Ton in York, Dentsply in York, and a major manufacturing branch of Harley-Davidson Motor Company.
The Central Pennsylvania accent and the Susquehanna dialect are the two most commonly heard speech patterns in the county, however there are numerous Mennonites and other persons of Pennsylvania Dutch descent that inhabit the county, who tend to speak with dialects similar to Pennsylvania Dutch English.
Metropolitan Statistical Area
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated York County as the York–Hanover, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The United States Census Bureau ranked the York–Hanover, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 9th most populous in the state of Pennsylvania, and 115th most populous Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States as of July 1, 2012.
The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the York–Hanover MSA as a component of the more extensive Harrisburg–York–Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area, the 43rd most populous Combined Statistical Area (CSA) and the 49th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. As of the 2017 estimates, the CSA's 1.26 million people ranks 5th in the state of Pennsylvania.
Politics and government
Prior to 1952, York County was a Democratic stronghold in presidential elections, voting majority Republican only four times since 1880. Starting with the 1952 election, it has become a Republican stronghold with Lyndon Johnson being the lone Democrat to win the county since. Since then, Jimmy Carter in 1976 and Barack Obama in 2008 are the only Democratic presidential candidates who have received over 40% of the county's vote. The only real pockets of Democratic support are in the city of York.
- Republican: 143,261 (47.85%)
- Democratic: 112,207 (37.48%)
- Other parties and independents: 43,946 (14.68%)
- Julie Wheeler, President, Republican
- Ron Smith, Republican
- Doug Hoke, Vice President, Democrat
Other county offices
- Clerk of Courts, Dan Byrnes, Republican
- Controller, Greg Bower, Republican
- Coroner, Pamela Gay, Republican
- District Attorney, David Sunday, Republican
- Prothonotary, Allison Blew, Republican
- Recorder of Deeds, Laura Shue, Republican
- Register of Wills, Bryan Tate, Republican
- Sheriff, Richard P. Keuerleber III, Republican
- Treasurer, Barbara Bair, Republican
State House of Representatives
|47||Keith J. Gillespie||Republican|
|94||Stanley E. Saylor||Republican|
United States House of Representatives
United States Senate
Public school districts
- Central York School District
- Dallastown Area School District
- Dover Area School District
- Eastern York School District
- Hanover Public School District
- Northeastern York School District
- Northern York County School District
- Red Lion Area School District
- South Eastern School District
- South Western School District
- Southern York County School District
- Spring Grove Area School District
- West Shore School District
- West York Area School District
- York City School District
- York Suburban School District
Public charter schools
- Christian School of York (PreK–12)
- Keystone Christian Academy York (K–8)
- Logos Academy York (K–12)
- St. Joseph School Hanover (PreK–8)
- St. Joseph School (PreK–6)
- St. John the Baptist Catholic School New Freedom (PreK–6)
- Shrewsbury Christian Academy New Freedom (PreK–8)
- Tidings of Peace Christian School York (K–12)
- York Catholic High School (7–12)
- York Country Day School (PreK–12)
Lincoln Intermediate Unit (IU#12) region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County. The agency offers school districts, home schooled students and private schools many services including: special education services, combined purchasing, and instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted, talented and high achieving students. Additional services include: Curriculum Mapping, Professional Development for school employees, Adult Education, Nonpublic School Services, Business Services, Migrant & ESL (English as a Second Language), Instructional Services, Management Services, and Technology Services. It also provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13-member Board of Directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin the first day of July. There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania. They are funded by school districts, state and federal program specific funding and grants. IUs do not have the power to tax.
Colleges and universities
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are in York County:
- York (county seat)
- Cross Roads
- East Prospect
- Fawn Grove
- Glen Rock
- Mount Wolf
- New Freedom
- New Salem
- North York
- Red Lion
- Seven Valleys
- Spring Grove
- West York
- York Haven
- East Hopewell
- East Manchester
- Lower Chanceford
- Lower Windsor
- North Codorus
- North Hopewell
- Peach Bottom
- Spring Garden
- West Manchester
- West Manheim
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
- Big Mountain
- Codorus Furnace
- Conewago Heights
- Detters Mill
- Fireside Terrace
- Fuhrmans Mill
- Hanover Junction
- Hopewell Center
- Leaders Heights
- Leibharts Corner
- Lockport (under Lake Clarke)
- Mackey Ford
- Mount Royal
- Muddy Creek Forks
- New Bridgeville
- New Park
- Ore Valley
- Porters Sideling
- Reesers Summit
- Shenks Ferry
- Spring Forge
- Valley Forge
- Violet Hill
- Wago Junction
- York Furnace
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of York County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
- John Andrews, born in York County was a United States Navy sailor awarded the Medal of Honor for actions during the Korean Expedition in 1872
- Caitlan Coleman, a hostage in Afghanistan for five years, during which time she gave birth to four children
- Jacob L. Devers, 4 star lieutenant general during World War II. Commanded the 6th Army Group during the invasion of southern France known as Operation Dragoon, among other assignments.
- Halestorm, rock band hailing from the town of Red Lion, located in Southern York County
- Mike Hawthorne, comic book artist known for his work on books such as Deadpool
- Bob Hoffman, founder of York Barbell, U.S. weightlifter named "Father of World Weightlifting" by the International Weightlifting Federation
- Steve Hoffman, former NFL coach
- Brian Keene, best-selling novelist
- James Kelly, member of the United States House of Representatives from 1805 to 1809
- Jeff Koons, American artist and sculptor
- John Kuhn, NFL football player
- George M. Leader, 36th governor of Pennsylvania
- Live, popular rock band of the 1990s
- Ken Ludwig, playwright and theatre director
- Del McCoury, raised in York County, became leader of the Grammy award-winning bluegrass band, the Del McCoury Band. His two sons, Ronnie McCoury and Rob McCoury, graduates of Susquehannock High School, also play in the band.
- DeWolfe Miller III, Vice admiral and Commander, Naval Air Forces
- Cameron Mitchell, actor, born in Dallastown, located in York County
- Todd Platts, attorney and Republican Party politician
- H.B. Reese, inventor of the No. 1 selling candy brand in the United States, Reese's Peanut Butter Cups
- Evan Sharp, co-founder of Pinterest
- Craig Sheffer, actor
- James Alonzo Stahle, member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1895 to 1897
- Tom Wolf, 47th governor of Pennsylvania
- Cresap's War
- National Register of Historic Places listings in York County, Pennsylvania
- Rabbit Transit
- Rehmeyer's Hollow – location of the 1928 Hex Hollow murder
- US 30 Diner
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... York shows it has 30.9% people who are Hispanic or Latino which is more than all other places in the area.
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- "Chief Clerk". York County, Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Coroner". York County, Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "District Attorney of York County, Pennsylvania". York District Attorney. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Prothonotory". York County, Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Recorder of Deeds". York County, Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Register of Wills". York County, Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Sheriff's Office – About Us". York County, Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Treasurer". York County, Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Elected Officials". York County Republican Committee. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
- "Members of the House". Pennsylvania House of Representatives. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- Pennsylvania Operating Charter Schools 2009–10, Pennsylvania Department of Education Report September 2009
- "Lincoln Intermediate Unit 12". iu12.org. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
- "2010 U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
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- "Snickers Surging to Top of Global Candy Race". Ad Age. September 20, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
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- Sheets, Georg R. York County: To the Setting of the Sun : An Illustrated History (American Historical Press. 2nd Edition, 2002)