York Minster

The Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Saint Peter in York, commonly known as York Minster, is the cathedral of York, North Yorkshire, England, and is one of the largest of its kind in Northern Europe. The minster is the seat of the Archbishop of York, the third-highest office of the Church of England (after the monarch as Supreme Governor and the Archbishop of Canterbury), and is the mother church for the Diocese of York and the Province of York.[7] It is run by a dean and chapter, under the Dean of York. The title "minster" is attributed to churches established in the Anglo-Saxon period as missionary teaching churches, and serves now as an honorific title;[8] the word Metropolitical in the formal name refers to the Archbishop of York's role as the Metropolitan bishop of the Province of York. Services in the minster are sometimes regarded as on the High Church or Anglo-Catholic end of the Anglican continuum.[9]

York Minster
The Cathedral and Metropolitical
Church of Saint Peter
The southern façade of the cathedral including the rose window on the south transept.
York Minster
Location within North Yorkshire
53°57′43″N 1°4′55″W
OS grid referenceSE603522
LocationDeangate, York[1]
CountryEngland
DenominationChurch of England
Previous denominationRoman Catholic
Websitewww.yorkminster.org
History
StatusCathedral
Founded627; 1395 years ago (627)
DedicationSaint Peter
Consecrated3 July 1472
Associated peopleWilliam of York
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationGrade I
Designated14 June 1954[2]
Previous cathedralsat least 3
Architectural typeCathedral
StyleEarly English, Perpendicular
Years builtc.1230–1472
Groundbreaking673
Completed1472
Specifications
Length524.5 feet (159.9 m)[3]
Nave length262 feet (80 m)[4]
Width222 feet (68 m)[3]
Nave width98 feet (30 m)[5]
Nave height99 feet (30 m)[3]
Choir height102 feet (31 m)[6]
Number of towers3
Tower heightCentral Tower: 235 feet (72 m)[3]
Western Towers: 196 feet (60 m)[3]
Bells36
Administration
ProvinceYork
DioceseYork (since 314)
Clergy
ArchbishopStephen Cottrell
DeanDominic Barrington
PrecentorVicky Johnson
ChancellorChris Collingwood
Canon(s)1 vacancy
Canon PastorMichael Smith
Canon MissionerMaggie McLean
ArchdeaconSamantha Rushton
Laity
Director of musicRobert Sharpe
Business managerKathryn Blacker (Chapter Steward)

The minster was completed in 1472 after several centuries of building. It is devoted to Saint Peter, and has a very wide Decorated Gothic nave and chapter house, a Perpendicular Gothic quire and east end and Early English North and South transepts. The nave contains the West Window, constructed in 1338, and over the Lady Chapel in the east end is the Great East Window (finished in 1408), the largest expanse of medieval stained glass in the world. In the north transept is the Five Sisters window, each lancet being over 53 feet (16.3 m) high.[10] The south transept contains a rose window, while the West Window contains a heart-shaped design colloquially known as The Heart of Yorkshire.


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