Yousaf Raza Gillani

Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani,[2] also spelled Gilani (Urdu: یوسف رضا گیلانی; pronounced [ˈjuːsʊf rəˈzaː ɡɪˈlaːniː] born 9 July 1952), is a Pakistani politician who served as 18th prime minister of Pakistan from 25 March 2008 until his retroactive disqualification and ouster by the Supreme Court of Pakistan on 26 April 2012. He currently serves as the vice-chairman of the central executive committee of the Pakistan Peoples Party.[3][4][5][6] and in 2021 was elected as a Senator.[7] On 26 March 2021, He was appointed as Leader of Opposition in Senate of Pakistan.

Yousaf Raza Gillani
یوسف رضا گیلانی
18th Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
25 March 2008  25 April 2012
PresidentPervez Musharraf
Muhammad Mian Soomro
Asif Ali Zardari
DeputyChaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
Preceded byMuhammad Mian Soomro
Succeeded byRaja Pervez Ashraf
15th Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan
In office
17 October 1993  16 February 1997
DeputySyed Zafar Ali Shah
Preceded byGohar Ayub Khan
Succeeded byElahi Bux Soomro
Leader of the Opposition in the Senate of Pakistan
Assumed office
26 March 2021
ChairmanSadiq Sanjrani
Preceded byRaja Zafar-ul-Haq
Member of Senate of Pakistan
Assumed office
12 March 2021
Minister for Railways
In office
28 January 1986  20 December 1986
PresidentMuhammad Zia-ul-Haq
Prime MinisterMuhammad Khan Junejo
Preceded byNawabzada Abdul Ghafoor Khan Hoti
Succeeded bySardarzada Muhammad Ali Shah
Minister for Housing and Works
In office
PresidentMuhammad Zia-ul-Haq
Prime MinisterMuhammad Khan Junejo
Minister for Tourism
In office
PresidentGhulam Ishaq Khan
Prime MinisterBenazir Bhutto
Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan
In office
In office
In office
In office
ConstituencyNA-154 (Multan-I)
Personal details
Syed Yousuf Raza Gillani

(1952-06-09) 9 June 1952 (age 69)
Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political partyPakistan Peoples Party
Spouse(s)Fauzia Gillani[1]
Alma materGovernment College University
University of the Punjab

After 1988 general elections, he secured his ministerial appointment in the Ministry of Tourism in the government of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto, and since then, he had been a senior member of parliament for the Multan District.[8] After his party securing the plurality in the 1993 general elections, Gillani was elevated 15th Speaker of the National Assembly by the-Prime minister Benazir Bhutto, a post he held until 16 February 1997.[8] On 11 February 2001, Gillani was imprisoned in Adiala Jail by a military court instituted under President Pervez Musharraf[9] on accusations and charges of corruption, and released on 7 October 2006.[3][9]

In the wake of 2008 general elections, his party formed a four-party coalition alliance and nominated him for the office of Prime minister. He is the first prime minister that holds the distinction (thus far, the only prime minister to have achieve this milestone) for successfully presenting five consecutive federal budgets.[10] As Prime minister, Gillani announced the formation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, rehabilitation of the troubled and war-torn tribal belt, and promised to reduce the federal budget deficit as well as announcing his ambitions to improve the system of education. This was followed by announcing the new agriculture, land and economic policy that lifted the bans on labour and students' unions, while worked and implemented the new energy and nuclear policies to tackle the energy crisis in the country.[11][12] But his policies, without meaningful economic reforms, led to a high rise in inflation and sharp decline in economic performance, a period referred to as "Era of Stagflation".[13][14][15]

A consistently strong US ally as prime minister,[16] Gillani was ranked as 38th most powerful person in the world by Forbes.[17] After years of confronting and resisting the Supreme Court of Pakistan rulings to reinstate the corruption cases against Benazir and Asif Zardari, he was convicted by the supreme court of violating the article 63(1)(g) of the constitution of Pakistan, on 26 April 2012.[18] The verdict was rendered by the Supreme Court when it found him the guilty of contempt of court for refusing to reopen corruption cases against president Asif Ali Zardari, but it gave him only a symbolic sentence "till the rising of the court", a sentence lasting 30 seconds.[19] Finally, on 19 June 2012, he was disqualified and ousted by the Supreme Court from holding the prime minister office,[20] with the Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry clarifying that: "Gillani had ceased to be [the] prime minister and (is) disqualified from membership of parliament on 26 April 2012, the date of his conviction".[21][22]

His disqualification term was ended in April 2017 and Supreme Court allowed him to contest in 2018 Pakistani general election.[23] He was PPP's candidate for Islamabad's general seat in the 2021 Senate Elections. He defeated the incumbent government's candidate Minister of Finance Dr. Abdul Hafeez Shaikh in a major upset victory, prompting the incumbent PM Imran Khan to take a vote of confidence from the National Assembly.

On 12 March 2021, He contested for chairman of senate of Pakistan and lost to his rival Sadiq Sanjrani. Gilani received 42 votes, compared to his rival who received 48 votes. 7 votes were rejected.

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