Yukon (/ˈjuːkɒn/ (listen) YOO-kon; French: [jykɔ̃]; formerly called Yukon Territory and sometimes referred to as The Yukon[7]) is the smallest and westernmost of Canada's three territories. It also is the second-least populated province or territory in Canada, with a population of 40,232 people as of the 2021 Census. Whitehorse, the territorial capital, is the largest settlement in any of the three territories.[8]

Coordinates: 63°00′00″N 135°00′00″W
ConfederationJune 13, 1898 (9th)
(and largest city)
Largest metroWhitehorse
  CommissionerAngélique Bernard
  PremierSandy Silver
LegislatureYukon Legislative Assembly
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats1 of 338 (0.3%)
Senate seats1 of 105 (1%)
  Total482,443 km2 (186,272 sq mi)
  Land474,391 km2 (183,163 sq mi)
  Water8,052 km2 (3,109 sq mi)  1.7%
 4.8% of Canada
  Total40,232 [1]
(Q1 2022)
42,982 [2]
  Density0.08/km2 (0.2/sq mi)
FR: Yukonnais(e)
Official languages
  • English
  • French[3]
  Total (2017)C$3.089 billion[4]
  Per capitaC$75,141 (3rd)
  HDI (2018)0.908[5]Very high (5th)
Time zoneUTC−07:00
Canadian postal abbr.
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-YT
TreeSubalpine fir[6]
BirdCommon raven
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Yukon was split from the North-West Territories in 1898 as the Yukon Territory. The federal government's Yukon Act, which received royal assent on March 27, 2002, established Yukon as the territory's official name,[7] though Yukon Territory is also still popular in usage and Canada Post continues to use the territory's internationally approved postal abbreviation of YT.[9] In 2021, territorial government policy was changed so that “The Yukon” would be recommended for use in official territorial government materials.[10]

Though officially bilingual (English and French), the Yukon government also recognizes First Nations languages.

At 5,959 m (19,551 ft), Yukon's Mount Logan, in Kluane National Park and Reserve, is the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest on the North American continent (after Denali in the U.S. state of Alaska). Most of the Yukon has a subarctic climate, characterized by long, cold winters and brief, warm summers. The Arctic Ocean coast has a tundra climate.

Notable rivers include the Yukon River as well as the Pelly, Stewart, Peel, White, Liard, and Tatshenshini rivers.

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