Zagwe dynasty

The Zagwe dynasty (Ge'ez: ዛጔ ሥርወ መንግሥት) was an Ethiopian state emerged around Early Middle Ages that ruled in present-day of northern Ethiopia (Today officially Amhara region) after the historical name of the Lasta province.[1] Centered at Lalibela, it ruled large parts of the territory from approximately 900 to 1270, when the last Zagwe King Za-Ilmaknun was killed in battle by the forces of the Abyssinian King Yekuno Amlak. The name of the dynasty is thought to derive from the ancient Ge'ez phrase Ze-Agaw, meaning "opponent", in reference to the Mara Tekle Haymanot, the founder of the dynasty.[2] Zagwe's best-known King was Gebre Mesqel Lalibela, who is credited with having constructed the rock-hewn monolithic churches of Lalibela.

Zagwe dynasty
ዛግዌ ሥርወ መንግሥት
c. 900/1137–1270
The Zagwe kingdom and its neighbours
CapitalLalibela
Common languagesAmharic, Agaw, Ge'ez
GovernmentMonarchy
King 
 early 12th century
Mara Takla Haymanot
 13th century
Yetbarak
History 
 Established
c. 900/1137
 Disestablished
1270
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Aksum
Ethiopian Empire

David Buxton has stated that the area under the direct rule of the Zagwe kings "probably embraced the highlands of modern Eritrea and the whole of Tigray, extending southwards to Waag, Lasta and (Wollo province) and thence westwards towards Lake Tana (Begemder)."[3] Unlike the practice of later rulers of Ethiopia, Taddesse Tamrat argues that under the Zagwe dynasty the order of succession was that of brother succeeding brother as king, based on the Agaw laws of inheritance.