Zakarpattia Oblast

The Zakarpatska Oblast (Ukrainian: Закарпатська область, romanized: Zakarpats’ka oblast’; see other languages) is an administrative oblast (province) located in western Ukraine, coterminous with the historical region of Carpathian Ruthenia. Its administrative centre is the city of Uzhhorod. Other major cities within the oblast include Mukachevo, Khust, Berehove and Chop which is home to railroad transport infrastructure.

Zakarpatska Oblast
Закарпатська область
Zakarpats’ka oblast’
Zakarpatska oblast[1]
Regional government headquarters
Nickname(s): 
Закарпаття (Zakarpattia)
Coordinates: 48.41°N 23.29°E / 48.41; 23.29
Country Ukraine
Established22 January 1946[2]
Administrative centerUzhhorod
Government
  GovernorAnatoliy Poloskov[3]
  Oblast council64 seats
  ChairpersonMikhaylo Rivis
Area
  Total12,777 km2 (4,933 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 23rd
Population
 (2020)[4]
  Total 1,250,129
  RankRanked 15th
Demographics
  Official language(s)Ukrainian1
  Average monthly salaryUAH 9,441 (September, 2019) or 385 US dollar[5]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
88-90xxx
Area code+380-31
ISO 3166 codeUA-21
Vehicle registrationРЕ, АО[citation needed]
Raions13
Cities (total)11
 Regional cities5
Urban-type settlements19
Villages579
FIPS 10-4UP25
Websitewww.carpathia.gov.ua
www.rada.gov.ua
1 The Hungarian language has some minority rights in seven villages of the Mukachivskyi Raion.[6]

Zakarpatska Oblast was established on 22 January 1946, after the resignation of Czechoslovakia on the territory of Subcarpathian Ruthenia (Czech: Podkarpatská Rus), annexed forcibly by the Soviet Union and attached to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, under a treaty between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. Some scholars say that during the Ukrainian independence referendum held in 1991, Zakarpatska Oblast voters were given a separate option on whether or not they favoured autonomy for the region.[7] Although a large majority favoured autonomy, it was not granted.[7] However, this referendum was about self-government status, not about autonomy (like in Crimea).[8]

Situated in the Carpathian Mountains of western Ukraine, Zakarpattia Oblast is the only Ukrainian administrative division which borders upon four countries: Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania. The Carpathian Mountains play a major part in the oblast's economy, making the region an important tourist and travel destination housing many ski and spa resorts.

With its almost 13,000 square kilometres (5,000 sq mi), the oblast is ranked 23rd by area and 15th by population as according to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, the population of Zakarpatska Oblast was 1,254,614. Current population is 1,260,129 (2021 est.)[4] This total includes people of many different nationalities of which Hungarians, Romanians and Rusyns constitute significant minorities in some of the province's cities, while in others, they form the majority of the population (as in the case of Berehove).