The Zambezi River (also spelled Zambeze and Zambesi) is the fourth-longest river in Africa, the longest east-flowing river in Africa and the largest flowing into the Indian Ocean from Africa. The area of its basin is 1,390,000 square kilometres (540,000 sq mi),[1][2] slightly less than half of the Nile's. The 2,574-kilometre-long river (1,599 mi) rises in Zambia and flows through eastern Angola, along the north-eastern border of Namibia and the northern border of Botswana, then along the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe to Mozambique, where it crosses the country to empty into the Indian Ocean.[4][5]

Zambezi River
Zambesi, Zambeze
The Zambezi River at the junction of Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana
Physical characteristics
SourceMain stem source. Zambezi Source National Forest
  locationIkelenge District, North-Western Province, Zambia
  coordinates11°22′11″S 24°18′30″E
  elevation1,500 m (4,900 ft)
2nd sourceMost distant source of the Zambezi-Lungwebungu system
  locationMoxico Municipality, Moxico Province, Angola
  coordinates12°40′34″S 18°24′47″E
  elevation1,440 m (4,720 ft)
MouthIndian Ocean
Zambezia Province and Sofala Province, Mozambique
18°34′14″S 36°28′13″E
Length2,574 km (1,599 mi)
Basin size1,390,000 km2 (540,000 sq mi)[1][2]
  locationZambezi Delta, Mozambique, Indian Ocean
  average3,424 m3/s (120,900 cu ft/s)[1][2] 4,134 m3/s (146,000 cu ft/s)[3]
  minimum920 m3/s (32,000 cu ft/s)
  maximum18,600 m3/s (660,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River systemZambezi Basin
  leftLungwebungu, Luanginga, Chobe, Gwayi, Sanyati, Panhane, Luenha
  rightKabompo, Kafue, Luangwa, Shire

The Zambezi's most noted feature is Victoria Falls. Other notable falls include the Chavuma Falls at the border between Zambia and Angola, and Ngonye Falls, near Sioma in Western Zambia.[6][citation needed]

There are two main sources of hydroelectric power on the river, the Kariba Dam, which provides power to Zambia and Zimbabwe, and the Cahora Bassa Dam in Mozambique, which provides power to Mozambique and South Africa. There are additionally two smaller power stations along the Zambezi River in Zambia, one at Victoria Falls and the other one near Kalene Hill in Ikelenge District.[7][citation needed]

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