Zhengzhou

Zhengzhou (/ɛŋˈ, ʌŋ-/;[3] simplified Chinese: 郑州; traditional Chinese: 鄭州; pinyin: Zhèngzhōu), also spelt Zheng Zhou and alternatively romanized as Chengchow, is the capital and largest city of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China.[4] Located in north-central Henan, it is one of the National Central Cities in China,[5] the centre of Central Plains area, and serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational center of the province.[6] The Zhengzhou metropolitan area (including Zhengzhou and Kaifeng) is the core area of the Central Plains Economic Zone.[7][8]

Zhengzhou
郑州市
Chengchow
Nickname(s): 
business city, green city
Motto(s): 
Partnership, Openness, Innovation, and Harmony (博大、开放、创新、和谐)
Location of Zhengzhou City; jurisdiction in Henan
Zhengzhou
Location in the North China Plain
Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou (China)
Coordinates (Henan Provincial Hall of the People): 34°45′50″N 113°41′02″E
CountryChina
ProvinceHenan
City seatZhongyuan
Subdivisions
Government
  TypePrefecture-level city
  BodyZhengzhou Municipal People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryXu Liyi
  Congress ChairmanHu Quan
  MayorHou Hong
  CPPCC ChairmanZhang Yanming
Area
  Prefecture-level city7,532.56 km2 (2,908.34 sq mi)
  Urban
1,076.1 km2 (415.5 sq mi)
  Metro
4,271.4 km2 (1,649.2 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census total, 2010 otherwise)[2]
  Prefecture-level city12,600,574
  Density1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
  Urban
4,253,913
  Urban density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
  Metro
6,353,285
  Metro density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
GDP (2018)
  Total GDP 1.014 trillion
(US$ 144 billion)
  Per capita 100,200
(US$ 14,000)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
450000
Area code(s)371
ISO 3166 codeCN-HA-01
License plate prefixesA
Websitewww.zhengzhou.gov.cn
Zhengzhou
"Zhèngzhōu" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese郑州
Traditional Chinese鄭州
Literal meaning"Zhèng Settlement"

The city lies on the southern bank of the Yellow River.[9] Zhengzhou is a major hub of China's national transportation network, with railways connecting Zhengzhou to Europe[10] and an international airport.[11] Zhengzhou is a National Civilized City [zh] and a State-list Famous Historical and Culture City.[12] As of 2020, there are two World Cultural Heritage Sites in Zhengzhou. The Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) is China's first futures exchange. Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone is China's first Airport Economy Zone.[13]

As of the 2020 census, the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou had a population of 12,600,574 inhabitants,[2]. As of 2010, 6,353,285 lived in its built-up (or metro) area made of 6 urban districts plus Zhongmiu county, Xinzheng and Xingyang cities now largely being conurbated.[14][15] The city had a total GDP of 1.014 trillion (RMB) in 2018.[16][17] Greater Zhengzhou was named as one of the 13 emerging mega-cities in China in a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit,[18] and officially named as the eighth National Central City[19] in 2017 by the central government in Beijing.[20]

Zhengzhou is also one of the major cities in the world ranked by scientific research as tracked by the Nature Index according to the Nature Index 2020 Science Cities.[21] The city is home to several national key universities in China, notably Zhengzhou University and Henan University.