Zhengzhou (/ɛŋˈ, ʌŋ-/;[3] simplified Chinese: 郑州; traditional Chinese: 鄭州; pinyin: Zhèngzhōu), also spelt Zheng Zhou and alternatively romanized as Chengchow, is the capital and largest city of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China.[4] Located in north-central Henan, it is one of the National Central Cities in China,[5] the centre of Central Plains area, and serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational center of the province.[6] The Zhengzhou metropolitan area (including Zhengzhou and Kaifeng) is the core area of the Central Plains Economic Zone.[7][8]

business city, green city
Partnership, Openness, Innovation, and Harmony (博大、开放、创新、和谐)
Location of Zhengzhou City; jurisdiction in Henan
Location in the North China Plain
Zhengzhou (China)
Coordinates (Henan Provincial Hall of the People): 34°45′50″N 113°41′02″E
City seatZhongyuan
  TypePrefecture-level city
  BodyZhengzhou Municipal People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryXu Liyi
  Congress ChairmanHu Quan
  MayorHou Hong
  CPPCC ChairmanZhang Yanming
  Prefecture-level city7,532.56 km2 (2,908.34 sq mi)
1,076.1 km2 (415.5 sq mi)
4,271.4 km2 (1,649.2 sq mi)
 (2020 census total, 2010 otherwise)[2]
  Prefecture-level city12,600,574
  Density1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
  Urban density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
  Metro density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
GDP (2018)
  Total GDP 1.014 trillion
(US$ 144 billion)
  Per capita 100,200
(US$ 14,000)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code(s)371
ISO 3166 codeCN-HA-01
License plate prefixesA
"Zhèngzhōu" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese郑州
Traditional Chinese鄭州
Literal meaning"Zhèng Settlement"

The city lies on the southern bank of the Yellow River.[9] Zhengzhou is a major hub of China's national transportation network, with railways connecting Zhengzhou to Europe[10] and an international airport.[11] Zhengzhou is a National Civilized City [zh] and a State-list Famous Historical and Culture City.[12] As of 2020, there are two World Cultural Heritage Sites in Zhengzhou. The Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) is China's first futures exchange. Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone is China's first Airport Economy Zone.[13]

As of the 2020 census, the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou had a population of 12,600,574 inhabitants,[2]. As of 2010, 6,353,285 lived in its built-up (or metro) area made of 6 urban districts plus Zhongmiu county, Xinzheng and Xingyang cities now largely being conurbated.[14][15] The city had a total GDP of 1.014 trillion (RMB) in 2018.[16][17] Greater Zhengzhou was named as one of the 13 emerging mega-cities in China in a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit,[18] and officially named as the eighth National Central City[19] in 2017 by the central government in Beijing.[20]

Zhengzhou is also one of the major cities in the world ranked by scientific research as tracked by the Nature Index according to the Nature Index 2020 Science Cities.[21] The city is home to several national key universities in China, notably Zhengzhou University and Henan University.