Zhengzhou (/ -/,; simplified Chinese: 郑州; traditional Chinese: 鄭州; pinyin: Zhèngzhōu), also spelt Zheng Zhou and alternatively romanized as Chengchow, is the capital and largest city of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China. Located in north-central Henan, it is one of the National Central Cities in China, the centre of Central Plains area, and serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational center of the province. The Zhengzhou metropolitan area (including Zhengzhou and Kaifeng) is the core area of the Central Plains Economic Zone.
business city, green city
Partnership, Openness, Innovation, and Harmony (博大、开放、创新、和谐)
|Coordinates (Henan Provincial Hall of the People):|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• Body||Zhengzhou Municipal People's Congress|
|• CCP Secretary||Xu Liyi|
|• Congress Chairman||Hu Quan|
|• Mayor||Hou Hong|
|• CPPCC Chairman||Zhang Yanming|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,532.56 km2 (2,908.34 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,076.1 km2 (415.5 sq mi)|
|• Metro||4,271.4 km2 (1,649.2 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||12,600,574|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|• Total GDP||C¥ 1.014 trillion |
(US$ 144 billion)
|• Per capita||C¥ 100,200 |
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-HA-01|
|License plate prefixes||豫A|
|Literal meaning||"Zhèng Settlement"|
The city lies on the southern bank of the Yellow River. Zhengzhou is a major hub of China's national transportation network, with railways connecting Zhengzhou to Europe and an international airport. Zhengzhou is a National Civilized City and a State-list Famous Historical and Culture City. As of 2020, there are two World Cultural Heritage Sites in Zhengzhou. The Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) is China's first futures exchange. Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone is China's first Airport Economy Zone.
As of the 2020 census, the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou had a population of 12,600,574 inhabitants,. As of 2010, 6,353,285 lived in its built-up (or metro) area made of 6 urban districts plus Zhongmiu county, Xinzheng and Xingyang cities now largely being conurbated. The city had a total GDP of 1.014 trillion (RMB) in 2018. Greater Zhengzhou was named as one of the 13 emerging mega-cities in China in a July 2012 report by the Economist Intelligence Unit, and officially named as the eighth National Central City in 2017 by the central government in Beijing.
Zhengzhou is also one of the major cities in the world ranked by scientific research as tracked by the Nature Index according to the Nature Index 2020 Science Cities. The city is home to several national key universities in China, notably Zhengzhou University and Henan University.