1922 Hungarian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary between 28 May and 2 June 1922.[1] The result was a victory for the Unity Party (a renamed National Smallholders and Agricultural Labourers Party),[2] which won 140 of the 245 seats in Parliament, the vast majority in "open" constituencies where there was no secret ballot.[2]

1922 Hungarian parliamentary election

 1920 28 May – 2 June 1922 1926 

All 245 seats in the Diet
123 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader István Bethlen Károly Peyer
Party EP MSZDP Independents
Last election did not contest did not contest 3 seats, 3.6%
Seats won 140 25 26
Seat change 23
Popular vote 623,201 277,481 145,836
Percentage 38.2% 17% 8.9%
Swing 5.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Gyula Andrássy Vilmos Vázsonyi Károly Wolff
Party AFP United National Democratic and Liberal Opposition KNEP
Last election did not contest did not contest 73 seats, 41.5%
Seats won 11 7 10
Seat change 63
Popular vote 103,705 79,434 70,748
Percentage 6.4% 4.9% 4.3%
Swing 37.2%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
Leader István Haller Károly Huszár Tivadar Batthyány
Party KP KET F48P
Last election 3 seats, 2.2% did not contest 0 seat, 1.3%
Seats won 6 5 1
Seat change 3 1
Popular vote 65,235 59,508 33,220
Percentage 4% 3.6% 2%
Swing 1.8% 0.7%

Prime Minister before election

István Bethlen

Elected Prime Minister

István Bethlen

Electoral system

Prior to the election the United Party-led government changed the electoral system in order to ensure it retained its leading position.[2] This involved reintroducing open elections and restricting the electoral census. The reforms were passed by a decree by Prime Minister István Bethlen as Parliament had already been dissolved.

For the election the country was divided into 219 constituencies. Of these, 215 were single member constituencies and four multi-member constituencies. Within the 215 single member constituencies, only 20 were elected by secret ballot, the remainder (which were rural constituencies)[2] using open elections.[3] All four multi-member constituencies used secret ballots.[3]


Party Open SMCs Secret SMCs MMCs Total
Votes[a] % Seats Votes[b] % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats +/–
Unity Party585,55153.113326,76519.6610,8852.81623,20138.2140+28
Hungarian Social Democratic Party69,5016.3540,26829.57167,71242.713277,48117.025New
Andrássy-Friedrich Party77,6127.096,1514.5019,9425.12103,7056.411New
United National Democratic and Liberal Opposition79,43420.2779,4344.97+1
Christian National Union Party62,4705.798,2786.1170,7484.310–72
Independent Smallholders, Agrarian Workers and Civic Party61,2665.645,4274.0166,6934.15New
Christian Socialist Party48,6534.454,2123.1012,4603.2165,2354.06+3
Alliance of Christian Unity59,50815.1559,5083.65New
Independence and '48 Kossuth Party23,7952.215,6744.203,7511.0033,2202.01+1
'48 Smallholders Party26,9722.4226,9721.72New
National Civic Party7,4820.715,8094.219,4732.4022,7641.42New
Christian Opposition6,7800.6113,8303.5120,6101.32New
National Defence Party4,6440.403,4230.908,0670.500
Hungarian Workers' Party7,7680.717,7680.510
Christian Agricultural Workers and Craftsmen Party3,5840.313,5840.21New
Liberal Opposition2,9290.312,9290.21New
National Democratic Party1,9441.41,9440.10
Economic Policy Party7,5451.907,5450.50New
Christian National Party3,5470.903,5470.20–2
Hungarian National Socialist Bloc1,4230.401,4230.100
Invalid/blank votes013,167
Registered voters/turnout1,553,18471.0153,02489.5 444,71091.32,382,158
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

a The number of votes refers to only 170 of the 195 open single member constituencies, as the remaining 25 were uncontested.[3]

b The number of votes refers to only 12 of the 20 secret single member constituencies.[3]


  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p876
  3. Nohlen & Stöver, pp916-917