Gamelan

Gamelan (/ˈɡæməlæn/[2]) (Javanese: ꦒꦩꦼꦭꦤ꧀, Sundanese: ᮓᮨᮌᮥᮀ, Balinese: ᮓᮨᮌᮥᮀ) is the traditional ensemble music of the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese peoples of Indonesia, made up predominantly of percussive instruments.[3][4] The most common instruments used are metallophones played by mallets and a set of hand-played drums called kendhang, which register the beat. The kemanak (a banana shaped idiophone) and gangsa (another metallophone) are commonly used gamelan instruments in Java. Other instruments include xylophones, bamboo flutes, a bowed instrument called a rebab, siter, and vocalists named sindhen (Female) or gerong (Male).[5]

Gamelan
Javanese Gamelan Ensemble with two females Sindhen (Choral Singer) and Wiyaga (Gamelan Musicians) during Traditional Javanese Wedding Ceremony at Sasono Utomo, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Classification
DevelopedIndonesia[1]
Playing range
Pelog, Slendro, Pathet, Cengkok, Seleh, Sekaran, Imbal, kotekan, Gatra, Colotomy, Gendhing structures, Irama, Gamelan notation
Related instruments
gong, kendhang, kempul, Gendèr, rebab, siter, bonang, kenong, kethuk, talempong, gendang beleq, suling, demung, saron, peking, angklung, calung, kecapi, angklung, sasando, kulintang
More articles or information

Although the popularity of gamelan has declined since the introduction of pop music, gamelan is still commonly played in many traditional ceremonies and other modern activities in Indonesia, both at formal and informal events. Gamelan is played to accompany religious rituals, ceremonies, dance, dance-drama, traditional theater, wayang puppets theatre, singing, concerts, festivals, exhibitions, and many more. For most Indonesians, gamelan is an integral part of Indonesian culture.[6]

In 2014, Gamelan traditions were recognized as part of the National Intangible Cultural Heritage of Indonesia by the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture.[7]