MIT Energy Initiative awards nine seed fund grants for early-stage energy research | MIT News

Winning teams will use grants to advance research in areas including fuel cells, solar-powered desalination, and impacts of electric vehicle charging on the power grid.

MIT Energy Initiative • mit
April 25, 2016 6 minSource

The MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI) has made nine awards totaling $1.3 million under its annual Seed Fund Program. Winning teams across campus will use the grants — in amounts of up to $150,000 each — to support early-stage innovative research across the energy spectrum.

Over the past eight years, the MITEI Seed Fund Program has supported 151 energy-focused research projects, amounting to a total of $19.9 million in funding. Grant awardees include well-established faculty and new professors just beginning to define their research paths at MIT. The competition encourages entrants to collaborate in novel ways to explore energy ideas.

“MITEI’s seed fund awards provide fertile ground for innovative and collaborative research efforts aimed at key global energy and climate solutions,” says MITEI Director Robert Armstrong, the Chevron Professor of Chemical Engineering. “The early-stage projects that our members are supporting through the MITEI Seed Fund Program this year have immense potential, and I have no doubt they’ll join the ranks of past years’ winners in successfully tackling some of our most difficult energy questions.”

The nine projects were selected out of a record pool of 81 proposals representing 23 departments, labs, and centers. Four out of the nine projects involve collaborations of two or more principal investigators, and three collaborations span multiple departments. Topics addressed range from synthetic fuel production to energy storage to energy cybersecurity.

One of the winners is a design for metal-oxide surfaces to enable fast oxygen exchange in fuel cells. The project is a collaboration between Bilge Yildiz, an associate professor of nuclear science and engineering, and Ahmed Ghoniem, the Ronald C. Crane (’72) Professor of Mechanical Engineering, and seeks to significantly improve the performance of perovskite oxides that function in extreme environments. Yildiz says, “The MITEI Seed Fund Program is a critical enabler for faculty to initiate novel research directions and form new multidisciplinary collaborations with colleagues at MIT.” The goal of her team’s proposal, she says, is “to improve materials not only for solid oxide fuel cells and electrolyzers, which I study in my own laboratory, but also for gas conversion and thermo-chemical reactors to produce clean fuels, which are Ahmed Ghoniem’s area of expertise.”

Yogesh Surendranath, an assistant professor of chemistry, and T. Alan Hatton, the Ralph Landau Professor of Chemical Engineering, are collaborating on a project aiming to cycle carbon dioxide emissions back into chemical fuel. Surendranath says that he and Hatton are “eager to work together to address the dual challenges of carbon dioxide capture and conversion to valuable fuels — a key component of a low-carbon energy future."

Another awarded project, to be conducted by Stuart Madnick, the J.N. Maguire Professor of Information Technologies in the Sloan School of Management and professor of engineering systems in the School of Engineering, will test a new method of cybersecurity risk reduction for energy systems based on applying concepts from industrial safety and systems thinking, called the Cybersafety Analysis Approach. The need for such a method is motivated by the intensified security risks presented by today’s increasingly complex and dynamic energy systems. Madnick plans to initially experiment with this method in action using the MIT Cogeneration Plant as a test case.

Funding for the new grants comes chiefly from MITEI’s founding and sustaining members, supplemented by gifts from generous donors. 

A full list of the winning projects and teams is below.

"Advanced Algorithms for Carbon Capture and Sequestration Monitoring": Michael Fehler of the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences; Laurent Demanet of the Department of Mathematics; and Aimé Fournier of the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences

"Aluminum Polymer Battery for Automobile Propulsion": Donald Sadoway of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering

"Combined Electrochemical Concentration and Upgrading of Carbon Dioxide": Yogesh Surendranath of the Department of Chemistry and Alan Hatton of the Department of Chemical Engineering

"Cost-Optimizing Solar Power Systems for Water Desalination": Amos Winter of the Department of Mechanical Engineering; Tonio Buonassisi of the Department of Mechanical Engineering; and Ian Marius Peters of the Department of Mechanical Engineering

"Cybersafety Analysis of Energy Systems": Stuart Madnick of the MIT Sloan School of Management

"Design of Metal-Oxide Surfaces for Fast Oxygen Exchange in Fuel Cells, Synthetic Fuel Production and Separation Membranes": Bilge Yildiz of the Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering and Ahmed Ghoniem of the Department of Mechanical Engineering

"Efficient Ensemble-based Closed-loop Oil Reservoir Management Using Hyper-reduced-order Models": John Williams of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

"Engineering Bifunctional Catalysts for CO2-Fischer Tropsch": Yuriy Roman of the Department of Chemical Engineering

"Understanding the Impact of Electric Vehicle Charging on the Power Grid: An Urban Mobility Perspective": Marta Gonzalez of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Reprinted with permission of MIT News

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