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Lawrence is a city in Douglas County in the state of Kansas in the United States . It is in the northeastern part of the state, near the Kansas City area. It is the county seat of Douglas County. In 2010 , 87,643 people lived there; though in 2019, there were an estimated 98,193 people. This makes it the sixth-biggest city in Kansas . The University of Kansas and Haskell Indian Nations University are in Lawrence.

The New England Emigrant Aid Company (NEEAC) created Lawrence in 1854. It is named after Amos Adams Lawrence , who gave financial support to the city. During Bleeding Kansas , Lawrence was where the Wakarusa War (1855) and the Sack of Lawrence (1856) happened. Lawrence is also the site of the Lawrence Massacre (1863) which happened during the American Civil War (1861–1865).

Lawrence started as an important place for free-state politics . After that, Lawrence's economy grew to be in many industries . These industries include agriculture , manufacturing , and education . Lawrence is called a " college town " because the University of Kansas is an important part of the city. There are many places in town where students like to go.