What makes for better bureaucracy?

Political science PhD candidates Guillermo Toral and Tugba Bozcaga find that government-appointed officials deliver the goods — given the right circumstances.

Leda Zimmerman | MIT Political Science | Oct. 21, 2019 | mit
~10 mins   

Tags: political-science school-of-humanities-arts-and-social-sciences international-development government research students graduate graduate postdoctoral

Neanderthal 'glue' points to complex thinking

A Neanderthal tool from the Netherlands bears traces of ancient "glue".

By Paul Rincon | Oct. 21, 2019 | bbcnews
~5 mins   

Tags: human-evolution netherlands


Stigma of opioids keeps users from seeking help, taints views of medical professionals

“Can you think of all the tax dollars it’s cost for you to go to detox?” the doctor asked Raina McMahan when she arrived at the clinic in Revere seeking help for her 15-year heroin addiction. “What is the matter with you?” McMahan, now six years into her recovery and a certified recovery coach at […]

Alvin Powell | Oct. 11, 2019 | harvard
~9 mins   

Tags: health-medicine alvin-powell buprenorphine drug-treatment fxb-center-for-health-and-human-rights harvard-th-chan-school-of-public-health heroin howard-koh khalil-gibran-muhammad larry-bacow mary-bassett medication-assisted-treatment methadone michelle-williams naloxone opioid-summit opioids raina-mcmahan richard-frank university-of-michigan

Israel cave bones: Early humans 'conserved food to eat later'

Prehistoric humans had not previously been thought capable of such dietary planning.

BBC Science News | Oct. 10, 2019 | bbcnews
~2 mins   

Tags: archaeology human-evolution israel

A look at Japan’s evolving intelligence efforts

New book examines the past and future of Japanese intelligence services in a rapidly shifting world.

Peter Dizikes | MIT News Office | Oct. 8, 2019 | mit
~9 mins   

Tags: school-of-humanities-arts-and-social-sciences political-science international-studies japan politics asia books-and-authors research

Study finds gut microbes adapt quickly to changes in food preparation

Scientists have recently discovered that different diets — say, high-fat versus low-fat, or plant-based versus animal-based — can rapidly and reproducibly alter the composition and activity of the gut microbiome, where differences in the composition and activity can affect everything from metabolism to immunity to behavior.

Clea Simon | Oct. 2, 2019 | harvard
~8 mins   

Tags: health-medicine clea-simon cooking fas gut-microbiome human-evolutionary-biology katia-chadaideh-corinne-f-maurice kylynda-bauer nature-microbiology peter-turnbaugh rachel-carmody vayu-maini-rekdal

The permanent struggle for liberty

Daron Acemoglu’s new book examines the battle between state and society, which occasionally produces liberal-democratic freedom.

Peter Dizikes | MIT News Office | Sept. 24, 2019 | mit
~11 mins   

Tags: school-of-humanities-arts-and-social-sciences economic politics books-and-authors faculty research history government

Using rigorous evaluation to reduce and prevent homelessness in North America

New J-PAL North America publication highlights how rigorous research can improve policies to help people access and maintain stable, affordable housing.

J-PAL North America | Sept. 9, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: abdul-latif-jameel-poverty-action-lab-j-pal economics research housing poverty school-of-humanities-arts-and-social-sciences

New technique being developed to therapeutically repair and replace human organs

A new technique called SWIFT (sacrificial writing into functional tissue) ultimately may be used therapeutically to repair and replace human organs with lab-grown versions containing patients’ own cells.

Lindsay Brownell | Sept. 6, 2019 | harvard
~7 mins   

Tags: science-technology 3d-printing adult-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells artificially-grown-human-organs harvard-john-a-paulson-school-of-engineering-and-applied-sciences harvards-wyss-institute-for-biologically-inspired-engineering organ-transplant sacrificial-writing-into-functional-tissue seas stem-cells swift

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