Human knee evolved in lockstep with osteoarthritis, Harvard study says

In a new paper published in Cell, Harvard researchers exploring the genetic features that help make the knee possible found that the regulatory switches involved in its development also play a role in a partially heritable disease.

Clea Simon • harvard
April 7, 2020 ~5 min

Tags:  cell  health-medicine  human-evolutionary-biology  harvard-study-says  knee  terence-capellini

Study finds gut microbes adapt quickly to changes in food preparation

Scientists have recently discovered that different diets — say, high-fat versus low-fat, or plant-based versus animal-based — can rapidly and reproducibly alter the composition and activity of the gut microbiome, where differences in the composition and activity can affect everything from metabolism to immunity to behavior.

Clea Simon • harvard
Oct. 2, 2019 ~8 min

Tags:  fas  clea-simon  health-medicine  human-evolutionary-biology  vayu-maini-rekdal  cooking  gut-microbiome  katia-chadaideh-corinne-f-maurice  kylynda-bauer  nature-microbiology  peter-turnbaugh  rachel-carmody

Harvard researcher finds canine brains vary based on breed

Erin Hecht, who joined the faculty in January, has published her first paper on our canine comrades in the Journal of Neuroscience, finding that different breeds have different brain organizations owing to human cultivation of specific traits.

Jill Radsken • harvard
Sept. 3, 2019 ~7 min

Tags:  science-technology  neuroscience  dogs  fas  science  jill-radsken  human-evolutionary-biology  brains  breeds  erin-hecht

Harvard evolutionary biologist Daniel Lieberman turns his attention to walking

A running-studies pioneer takes a look at walking, with and without shoes, and gives calluses a thumbs-up.

Jed Gottlieb • harvard
June 26, 2019 ~5 min

Tags:  science-technology  fas  human-evolutionary-biology  jed-gottlieb  calluses  dan-lieberman  daniel-lieberman  nick-howolka  walking

Study shows that many who experience trauma of war become increasingly religious

Working with a team of international researchers, Harvard scientists gathered survey data in several locations around the globe and found that, following the trauma of seeing a friend or loved one killed or injured during conflict, many became more religious.

Peter Reuell • harvard
March 5, 2019 ~4 min

Tags:  science-technology  faculty-of-arts-and-sciences  fas  harvard  peter-reuell  reuell  religion  henrich  human-evolutionary-biology  joseph-henrich  nature-human-behavior  religiosity  sierra-leone  tajikistan  trauma  uganda  war  war-shock

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