Scientists pin down timing of lunar dynamo’s demise

Findings suggest the moon’s magnetic field was produced by the fallout of a crystallizing iron core.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office | Jan. 1, 2020 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: moon eaps planetary-science research school-of-science space astronomy-and-planetary-science nasa earth-and-atmospheric-sciences geology

How long will a volcanic island live?

Plate tectonics and mantle plumes set the lifespan of volcanic islands like Hawaii and the Galapagos.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office | Jan. 1, 2020 | mit
~8 mins   

Tags: eaps earth-and-atmospheric-sciences environment geology evolution research school-of-science nasa

How biomarkers can record and reconstruct climate trends

Scientists reveal the genes and proteins controlling the chemical structure of a paleoclimate biomarker.

Fatima Husain | EAPS | Dec. 4, 2019 | mit
~5 mins   

Tags: eaps school-of-science research climate ocean-science dna biology geology climate-change microbes evolution genetics bacteria earth-and-atmospheric-sciences national-science-foundation-nsf department-of-energy-doe

Investigating the rise of oxygenic photosynthesis

EAPS scientists find an alternative explanation for mineral evidence thought to signal the presence of oxygen prior to the Great Oxidation Event.

Kate Petersen | EAPS | Dec. 4, 2019 | mit
~5 mins   

Tags: eaps school-of-science microbes environment climate bacteria evolution biology geology research genetics

Continuing a legacy of Antarctic exploration

The Summons Lab compares lipids from Antarctic microbial communities to century-old samples.

Fatima Husain | EAPS | Nov. 22, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: eaps school-of-science biology climate climate-change evolution research animals earth-and-atmospheric-sciences geology ecology environment microbes bacteria genetics

Collision course: a geological mystery in the Himalayas

MIT geologists use paleomagnetism to determine the chain of events that resulted in the Himalayan mountains, with the support of MISTI-India.

Fernanda Ferreira | School of Science | Oct. 28, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: eaps misti environment geology planetary-science plate-tectonics climate research students school-of-science school-of-humanities-arts-and-social-sciences

Breaching a “carbon threshold” could lead to mass extinction

Carbon dioxide emissions may trigger a reflex in the carbon cycle, with devastating consequences, study finds.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office | July 8, 2019 | mit
~9 mins   

Tags: carbon climate climate-change eaps earth-and-atmospheric-science emissions environment geology global-warming greenhouse-gases mathematics research school-of-science nasa national-science-foundation-nsf

An escape route for carbon

Study shows minerals sequester carbon for thousands of years, which may explain oxygen’s abundance in the atmosphere.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office | June 12, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: carbon eaps earth-and-atmospheric-sciences environment geology research school-of-science nasa national-science-foundation-nsf climate-change

Tectonics in the tropics trigger Earth’s ice ages, study finds

Major tectonic collisions near the equator have caused three ice ages in the last 540 million years.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office | March 14, 2019 | mit
~8 mins   

Tags: climate climate-change eaps earth-and-atmospheric-sciences environment geology planetary-science research school-of-science

MIT adds computational Earth, atmospheric, and planetary sciences to its PhD offerings

New EAPS thesis field is the most recent to join the computational science and engineering doctoral program within the Center for Computational Engineering.

Lauren Hinkel | EAPS | Jan. 9, 2019 | mit
~4 mins   

Tags: school-of-science eaps research computer-modeling data climate-change earth-and-atmospheric-sciences artificial-intelligence machine-learning geology space astronomy-and-planetary-science classes-and-programs graduate postdoctoral analytics mit-schwarzman-college-of-computing

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