Scientists uncover new clues about Parkinson’s disease

Tool developed at MIT simultaneously measures chemical and electrical brain signals, revealing unexpectedly complex relationship between brain signals.

Jennifer Michalowski | McGovern Institute for Brain Research • mit
Oct. 13, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: neuroscience disease research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences mcgovern-institute parkinsons

Neuroscientists discover a molecular mechanism that allows memories to form

Modifications to chromosomes in “engram” neurons control the encoding and retrieval of memories.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
Oct. 5, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: dna genetics neuroscience memory research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

Live imaging method brings structure to mapping brain function

Scientists distinguish brain regions based on what they do, but now have a new way to overlay information about how they are built.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory • mit
Sept. 24, 2020 ~6 min

Tags: neuroscience imaging microscopy vision research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute 3-d-imaging

As information flows through brain’s heirarchy, higher regions use higher-frequency waves

Study also finds specific frequency bands of brain waves associated with encoding, or inhibiting encoding, of sensory information across the cortex.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory • mit
Sept. 10, 2020 ~6 min

Tags: neuroscience memory research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

New gene regulation model provides insight into brain development

A well-known protein family binds to many more RNA sequences than previously thought in order to help neurons grow.

Raleigh McElvery | Department of Biology • mit
Sept. 8, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: genetics neuroscience development biology data research school-of-science computer-modeling


Key brain region was “recycled” as humans developed the ability to read

Part of the visual cortex dedicated to recognizing objects appears predisposed to identifying words and letters, a study finds.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
Aug. 4, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: neuroscience learning research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences center-for-brains-minds-and-machines mcgovern-institute

Mapping the brain’s sensory gatekeeper

New analysis could help uncover potential drug targets for attention deficits and sensory hypersensitivity.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
July 22, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: neuroscience mental-health autism broad-institute research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences national-institutes-of-health-nih mcgovern-institute

A new way to control experimentation with dreams

Device not only helps record dream reports, but also guides dreams toward particular themes.

Sarah Beckmann | MIT Media Lab • mit
July 21, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: neuroscience memory sleep research media-lab school-of-architecture-and-planning brain-and-cognitive-sciences undergraduate-research-opportunities-program-urop

Neural vulnerability in Huntington’s disease tied to release of mitochondrial RNA

Unique survey of gene expression by cell type in humans and mice reveals several deficits affecting the most vulnerable neurons.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory • mit
July 21, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: neuroscience rna immunology broad-institute research cells school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences computer-science-and-artificial-intelligence-laboratory-csail picower-institute huntingtons

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