Study finds link between gut microbes and Type 2 diabetes

A large-scale international study uses metagenomics and blood analysis to uncover gut microbes associated with the risks for common illnesses such as diabetes, obesity, and heart disease.

Malorye Branca • harvard
Jan. 11, 2021 ~5 min

diet obesity type-2-diabetes health-medicine plant-based-diet gut-microbes andrew-t-chan personalized-responses-to-dietary-composition-trial-1 predict-1

Inspired by kombucha tea, engineers create “living materials”

A symbiotic culture of specialized yeast and bacteria can generate tough materials able to perform a variety of functions.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
Jan. 11, 2021 ~5 min

microbes research sensors school-of-engineering electrical-engineering-computer-science-eecs biological-engineering

Scientists discover slimy microbes that may help keep coral reefs healthy

The bacteria scrub out nitrogen, potentially defending against certain nutrient overloads.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office • mit
Jan. 8, 2021 ~7 min

chemistry environment bacteria biology microbes research school-of-science oceanography-and-ocean-engineering eaps ocean-science

Turning microbiome research into a force for health

A diverse group of researchers is working to turn new discoveries about the trillions of microbes in the body into treatments for a range of diseases.

Zach Winn | MIT News Office • mit
Jan. 5, 2021 ~10 min

health medicine bacteria startups broad-institute microbes disease research drug-development school-of-engineering innovation-and-entrepreneurship-ie alumniae biological-engineering

Peatlands keep a lot of carbon out of Earth's atmosphere, but that could end with warming and development

Peat beds around the world hold huge quantities of carbon and keep it from warming the planet. But rising temperatures and over-use could turn them from a brake on climate change into an accelerant.

Julie Loisel, Assistant Professor of Geography, Texas A&M University • conversation
Dec. 7, 2020 ~9 min

climate-change amazon microbes carbon-sequestration permafrost congo soil-carbon wildfires wetlands peatlands peat whisky

Microbes might be gatekeepers of the planet’s greatest greenhouse gas reserves

If so, then the possibility of planetary super-heating in future has just become much more real.

Niall English, Professor, School of Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering, University College Dublin • conversation
Nov. 12, 2020 ~6 min

climate-change microbes methane


Ancient microbial life used arsenic to thrive in a world without oxygen

How ancient microbes survived in a world without oxygen has been a mystery. Scientists discovered a living microbial mat that uses arsenic instead of oxygen for photosynthesis and respiration.

Kimberley L Gallagher, Adjunct professor, Quinnipiac University • conversation
Sept. 25, 2020 ~9 min

metabolism mars microbes photosynthesis oxygen arsenic astrobiology origin-of-life stromatolites

How a pregnant mouse's microbes influence offspring's brain development – new study offers clues

Microbes in the gut aren't just important for digesting your food. In pregnant women, these gut microbes are producing chemicals that are essential for proper brain development of the fetus.

Helen Vuong, Postdoctoral Scholar of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California, Los Angeles • conversation
Sept. 23, 2020 ~8 min

health medicine biology microbiome microbes viruses pregancy virome vaginal-microbiome

/

15