Scientists identify specific brain region and circuits controlling attention

Norepinephrine-producing neurons in the locus coeruleus produce attention focus, impulse control via two distinct connections to prefrontal cortex.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory • mit
Nov. 3, 2020 ~8 min

neuroscience anxiety biology optogenetics research behavior school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

Synthetic odors created by activating brain cells help neuroscientists understand how smell works

Brains recognize a smell based on which cells fire, in what order – the same way you recognize a song based on its pattern of notes. How much can you change the 'tune' and still know the smell?

Edmund Chong, Ph.D. Student in Neuroscience, New York University • conversation
July 8, 2020 ~8 min

brain neuroscience neurons brain-cells optogenetics smell senses olfactory sense-of-smell odor olfaction scents sensory-perception brain-circuitry brain-circuits olfactory-system

Optogenetics with SOUL

The Feng lab has developed a next-generation optogenetic system for non-invasive stimulation of neurons.

Sabbi Lall | McGovern Institute for Brain Research • mit
May 7, 2020 ~5 min

neuroscience optogenetics research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences mcgovern-institute

Dirty flies offer clues to neural circuits

Researchers have mapped the brain mechanisms that drive movement in grooming fruit flies. That could help fight Parkinson's disease and OCD.

Sonia Fernandez-UCSB • futurity
March 6, 2020 ~6 min

brains optogenetics movement science-and-technology flies motor-neurons

New evidence that shows how the brain makes decisions

New technology helps dissect how the brain ignores or acts on information

Caitlin McDermott-Murphy • harvard
Feb. 7, 2020 ~5 min

 science-technology  physics  chemistry  neuroscience  attention  electricity  basic-research  neurons  chemistry-and-chemical-biology  science  adam-cohen  caitlin-mcdermott-murphy  engineering-technology  optogenetics  sensory-overload

Red and green light refine control of optogenetics

A new feat in optogenetics used red and green light to raise and lower the speed of beating heart cells.

National University of Singapore • futurity
Nov. 6, 2019 ~4 min

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Can brain implants with lasers ‘reprogram’ our genomes?

"Optogenomics" could one day offer the ability to manipulate our genomes, potentially upending treatment for cancer and other diseases.

Cory Nealon-Buffalo • futurity
July 17, 2019 ~4 min

nanotechnology genes brains genomes lasers optogenetics genetic-engineering health-and-medicine implants

Leg nerves activated by light offer new path to restoring mobility

New optogenetic technique could help restore limb movement, treat muscle tremor.

Becky Ham | MIT Media Lab • mit
Dec. 26, 2018 ~7 min

medicine optogenetics research media-lab school-of-architecture-and-planning harvard-mit-health-sciences-and-technology health-sciences-and-technology

Stress can lead to risky decisions | MIT News

Neuroscientists find chronic stress skews decisions toward higher-risk options.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
Nov. 16, 2017 ~7 min

 neuroscience  mental-health  optogenetics  research  behavior  school-of-science  brain-and-cognitive-sciences  national-institutes-of-health-nih  mcgovern-institute  defense-advanced-research-projects-agency-darpa

Next-generation optogenetic molecules control single neurons | MIT News

Focused laser beam could help scientists map connections among neurons that underlie behavior.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
Nov. 13, 2017 ~8 min

 optogenetics  research  media-lab  school-of-architecture-and-planning  school-of-engineering  school-of-science  brain-and-cognitive-sciences  national-institutes-of-health-nih  biological-engineering  mcgovern-institute  defense-advanced-research-projects-agency-darpa

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