Mutant roots reveal how we can grow crops in damaged soils

Researchers have unearthed a 'biological switch' which could boost crop yield worldwide.

Sacha Mooney, Professor in Soil Physics and Director of the Hounsfield Facility at the University of Nottingham, University of Nottingham • conversation
Jan. 14, 2021 ~7 min

agriculture botany crops roots food-environment plant-growth

Coffee: here's the carbon cost of your daily cup – and how to make it climate-friendly

The process that brought you your morning latte could have produced half a kilogram of CO₂.

Carmen Nab, PhD Candidate in Environmental Science, UCL • conversation
Jan. 4, 2021 ~5 min

climate-change agriculture coffee coffee-production agricultural-greenhouse-gas-emissions life-cycle-assessment sustainable-food-systems coffee-cups espresso

The daily grind: how to cut carbon emissions from coffee by 77%

The process that brought you your morning latte could have produced half a kilogram of CO₂.

Carmen Nab, PhD Candidate in Environmental Science, UCL • conversation
Jan. 4, 2021 ~5 min

climate-change agriculture coffee coffee-production agricultural-greenhouse-gas-emissions life-cycle-assessment sustainable-food-systems coffee-cups

Almost 90% of the world's animal species will lose some habitat to agriculture by 2050

Our research shows we could feed the world sustainably – but conservation will have to become a lot more proactive.

Michael Clark, Postdoctoral Researcher, Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food, University of Oxford • conversation
Dec. 21, 2020 ~7 min

sustainability agriculture wildlife-conservation deforestation land-use-change

Demand for meat is driving deforestation in Brazil – changing the soy industry could stop it

Deforestation in Brazil recently reached a 12-year high, prompting France to cut soybean imports from the country.

Malika Virah-Sawmy, Visiting Scientist, Humboldt University of Berlin • conversation
Dec. 17, 2020 ~7 min

sustainability south-america agriculture brazil deforestation amazon-forest meat savanna soy commodities

UK Agriculture Bill: how farming and forestry could co-exist happily

Alternative farming models, like wood pasture grazing, would allow the UK government to maintain food production while regenerating ecosystems.

Stephen Hall, Emeritus Professor of Animal Science and Visiting Lecturer, Estonian University of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln • conversation
Dec. 2, 2020 ~6 min

agriculture farming rewilding net-zero-emissions-2050 forestry common-agricultural-policy uk-agriculture-bill

One-fifth of ecosystems in danger of collapse – here’s what that might look like

Humans have caused ecosystems to collapse on purpose for millennia, to grow food or build settlements. But unplanned collapses are a different matter.

John Dearing, Professor of Physical Geography, University of Southampton • conversation
Nov. 24, 2020 ~7 min

climate-change agriculture ecology rainforest coral-reefs ecosystems ecological-crisis ecosystem-collapse

Returning the 'three sisters' – corn, beans and squash – to Native American farms nourishes people, land and cultures

For centuries Native Americans intercropped corn, beans and squash because the plants thrived together. A new initiative is measuring health and social benefits from reuniting the "three sisters."

Christina Gish Hill, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Iowa State University • conversation
Nov. 20, 2020 ~9 min

agriculture nutrition native-americans indigenous-peoples food-deserts us-history us-midwest vegetables corn thanksgiving food-sovereignty indian-removal-act reservations

Farmers are depleting the Ogallala Aquifer because the government pays them to do it

An invisible crisis is brewing in US farm country as the overpumped Ogallala-High Plains Aquifer drains. The key drivers are federal farm subsidies and the tax code.

Jacob A. Miller, PhD Student in Sociology, Kansas State University • conversation
Nov. 9, 2020 ~10 min

agriculture water farming drought corn irrigation water-conservation

We found a way to turn urine into solid fertiliser – it could make farming more sustainable

If rolled out worldwide, our method could replace a quarter of all the synthetic nitrogen fertiliser used in agriculture.

Jenna Senecal, Postdoctoral Researcher in Environmental Engineering, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences • conversation
Nov. 6, 2020 ~7 min

agriculture recycling farming nitrogen crops toilets urine phosphorus fertiliser ammonia

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