How a pregnant mouse's microbes influence offspring's brain development – new study offers clues

Microbes in the gut aren't just important for digesting your food. In pregnant women, these gut microbes are producing chemicals that are essential for proper brain development of the fetus.

Helen Vuong, Postdoctoral Scholar of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California, Los Angeles • conversation
Sept. 23, 2020 ~8 min

Tags: health medicine biology microbiome microbes viruses pregancy virome vaginal-microbiome

Svalbard glaciers lost their protective buffer in the mid-1980s and have been melting ever since

Our research found these remote Arctic islands are particularly vulnerable to climate change.

Michiel van den Broeke, Professor of Polar Meteorology and Scientific Director, Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, Utrecht University • conversation
Sept. 23, 2020 ~6 min

Tags: climate-change climate-science glaciers svalbard glacier-retreat

A language generation program's ability to write articles, produce code and compose poetry has wowed scientists

GPT-3 is the biggest, most creative language generation program to date. But with awesome power comes awesome responsibility.

Prasenjit Mitra, Associate Dean for Research and Professor of Information Sciences and Technology, Pennsylvania State University • conversation
Sept. 23, 2020 ~8 min

Tags:  artificial-intelligence  computer-science  writing  technology  editing

Pregnancy during a pandemic: The stress of COVID-19 on pregnant women and new mothers is showing

Born into a coronavirus world: how new parents and infants can stay safe.

Elinor Sullivan, Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Oregon Health & Science University • conversation
Sept. 23, 2020 ~9 min

Tags:  covid-19  coronavirus  pregnancy  pandemic  stress  fetus  infants

How the coronavirus spreads through the air: 5 essential reads

Scientists explain what you need to know about the COVID-19 risks in the air, from how aerosols form to how to keep kids safe on a school bus.

Stacy Morford, General Assignments Editor • conversation
Sept. 23, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: health covid-19 coronavirus pandemic aerosols essential-reads

It's time for states that grew rich from oil, gas and coal to figure out what's next

The pandemic recession has reduced US energy demand, roiling budgets in states that are major fossil fuel producers. But politics and culture can impede efforts to look beyond oil, gas and coal.

Morgan Bazilian, Professor of Public Policy and Director, Payne Institute, Colorado School of Mines • conversation
Sept. 23, 2020 ~10 min

Tags: covid-19 fossil-fuels alaska oil coal natural-gas energy-prices fossil-fuel-industry wyoming texas north-dakota coronavirus-recession just-transitions state-budgets

Routine: less is often more when it comes to children's development

Rigid rules could stifle creativity in children.

Debbie Pope, Lecturer in Psychology, University of Central Lancashire • conversation
Sept. 23, 2020 ~6 min

Tags: psychology child-development creativity

How and when will we know that a COVID-19 vaccine is safe and effective?

Several vaccines are in Phase 3 trials. So when will we know whether any of these will protect against COVID-19?

William Petri, Professor of Medicine, University of Virginia • conversation
Sept. 22, 2020 ~10 min

Tags: covid-19 immune-system pandemic fda vaccines sars-cov-2 phase-3-trial immune-response vaccine-trials covid-19-vaccine vaccine-safety vaccine-approval

3 research-based ways to cope with the uncertainties of pandemic life

Feel like you're facing too many pandemic-related unknowns? Reframing what it means to not know can help you break the uncertainty-anxiety connection.

Bethany Teachman, Professor of Psychology, University of Virginia • conversation
Sept. 22, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: mental-health covid-19 coronavirus anxiety psychology uncertainty cognitive-behavioral-therapy worry coronavirus-anxiety mindset

The world is designed for men – but smart energy systems don't have to be

Those designing smart energy systems must take gender into account.

Charlotte Johnson, Senior Researcher in urban communities and resources, UCL • conversation
Sept. 22, 2020 ~8 min

Tags: energy gender climate-crisis sexism smart-homes

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