With these neurons, extinguishing fear is its own reward

The same neurons responsible for encoding reward also form new memories to suppress fearful ones.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute | Jan. 21, 2020 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: picower-institute biology brain-and-cognitive-sciences memory anxiety neuroscience research school-of-science mental-health learning

Study may explain how infections reduce autism symptoms

An immune molecule sometimes produced during infection can influence the social behavior of mice.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office | Dec. 18, 2019 | mit
~8 mins   

Tags: research brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute school-of-science autism national-science-foundation-nsf

Study probing visual memory and amblyopia unveils many-layered mystery

Scientists pinpoint the role of a receptor in vision degradation in amblyopia.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute | Dec. 17, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: picower-institute brain-and-cognitive-sciences school-of-science neuroscience vision genetics memory research

Supporting students in Puerto Rico after a hurricane’s devastation

Postdoc Héctor De Jesús-Cortés works to build up the STEM pipeline from his homeland to MIT and beyond.

Fernanda Ferreira | School of Science | Dec. 13, 2019 | mit
~9 mins   

Tags: picower-institute brain-and-cognitive-sciences school-of-science diversity-and-inclusion research profile graduate graduate postdoctoral natural-disasters latin-america education teaching academics

Alzheimer’s plaque emerges early and deep in the brain

Clumps of amyloid protein emerge early in deep regions, such as the mammillary body, and march outward in the brain along specific circuits.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute | Oct. 8, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: picower-institute-for-learning-and-memory school-of-science school-of-engineering neuroscience alzheimers institute-for-medical-engineering-and-science-imes brain-and-cognitive-sciences disease mental-health research

Study finds hub linking movement and motivation in the brain

Detailed observations in the lateral septum indicate region processes movement and reward information to help direct behavior.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory | Sept. 19, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: picower-institute school-of-science biology neuroscience behavior alumniae brain-and-cognitive-sciences research

New method classifies brain cells based on electrical signals

Making electrophysiology more informative, team shows how to distinguish four classes of cells by spike waveform.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute | Aug. 22, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: picower-institute brain-and-cognitive-sciences school-of-science neuroscience research behavior

How brain cells pick which connections to keep

Novel study shows protein CPG15 acts as a molecular proxy of experience to mark synapses for stabilization.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory | Aug. 6, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: picower-institute brain-and-cognitive-sciences school-of-science neuroscience memory biology research proteins

Speeding up drug discovery for brain diseases

Whitehead Institute team finds drugs that activate a key brain gene; initial tests in cells and mice show promise for rare, untreatable neurodevelopmental disorder.

Nicole Davis | July 31, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: whitehead-institute picower-institute school-of-science behavior biology brain-and-cognitive-sciences crispr development disease genetics mental-health national-institutes-of-health-nih pharmaceuticals research proteins drug-development

Why visual stimulation may work against Alzheimer’s

New findings help explain the surprising discovery that exposure to flickering light reduces amyloid plaques in mice.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office | May 7, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: research alzheimers neuroscience brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute school-of-science national-institutes-of-health-nih

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