Study offers clues to how climate affected 1918 pandemic

A new study of ice-core data shows that an unusual, six-year period of cold temperatures and heavy rainfall coincided with European deaths during the 1918 Spanish flu.

Alvin Powell • harvard
Oct. 5, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: science-technology history environments-sustainability alvin-powell michael-mccormick spanish-flu rainfall world-war-i alexander-more initiative-for-the-science-of-the-human-past long-island-university nottingham-university paul-mayewski university-of-maine

Arboretum examines climate change’s impact on maple trees

Researchers at Arboretum studying how maple trees are adapting to climate change.

Deborah Blackwell • harvard
Aug. 5, 2020 ~12 min

Tags: science-technology evolution climate-change environments-sustainability arnold-arboretum research al-kovaleski jake-grossman maples

New clues about how and why the Maya culture collapsed

Human-environmental scientist says there are new clues about how and why the Maya culture collapsed.

Clea Simon • harvard
Feb. 28, 2020 ~7 min

Tags:  science-technology  climate-change  history  environments-sustainability  arizona-state-university  billie-l-turner-ii  maya

Ancient records of Bering Strait flooding offer fresh insights

Tamara Pico, a postdoctoral fellow, is using records of flooding in the Bering Strait to make inferences about how the ice sheets that covered North America responded to the warming climate, and how their melting might have contributed to climate changes.

Peter Reuell • harvard
Feb. 26, 2020 ~6 min

Tags:  science-technology  faculty-of-arts-and-sciences  fas  harvard  peter-reuell  reuell  environments-sustainability  sea-level  flooding  science-advances  bering-strait  flood  ice  ice-sheets  paleoclimate  pico  tamara-pico  younger-dryas

Food summit examines sustainability, health, and justice

According to a summit on food production, diet, and sustainability, humanity needs to refocus on a diet that encompasses sustainability and social justice.

Clea Simon • harvard
Feb. 20, 2020 ~6 min

Tags:  science-technology  climate-change  obesity  food  environments-sustainability  harvard-th-chan-school-of-public-health  walter-willett  harvard-forest  inc  fisheries  global-warming  harvard-law-school  all-aces  american-farmland-trust  and-forests  atyia-martin  enviroment  farms  food-pyramid  food-solutions-new-england  harvard-pilgrim-healthcare-foundation  kennedy-school-of-government  naima-penniman  planetary-health-diet  soul-fire-farm  university-of-massachusetts-club

Panama expedition reveals how species persevere under climate change

Two graduate students from Arnold Arboretum have created the Mamoní Valley Preserve Natural History Project, an ongoing series of student-led field expeditions designed to increase our understanding of how biodiversity can persevere in the face of climate change, deforestation, and human disturbance.

Deborah Blackwell • harvard
Feb. 12, 2020 ~12 min

Tags:  science-technology  climate-change  deborah-blackwell  environments-sustainability  arnold-arboretum  ben-goulet-scott  ferns  jacob-suissa  jon-hamilton  mamoni-valley-preserve-natural-history  panama

Connecting the dots between climate change and health care

Bringing climate change into the examining room by discussing links between a warming environment and the everyday health of patients.

Alvin Powell • harvard
Feb. 10, 2020 ~16 min

Tags:  health  climate-change  asthma  harvard-medical-school  environments-sustainability  health-medicine  alvin-powell  massachusetts-general-hospital  heat-wave  clinical-care  emergency-room  heat-stroke  intravenous-fluids  pollen  renee-salas  symposium

Antioxidant reverses most BPA-induced fertility damage in worms

Treatment with a naturally occurring antioxidant, CoQ10, restores many aspects of fertility in C. elegans worms following exposure to BPA. The findings offer a possible path toward undoing BPA-induced reproductive harms in people.

Stephanie Dutchen • harvard
Feb. 6, 2020 ~6 min

Tags:  reproduction  fertility  basic-research  environments-sustainability  health-medicine  blavatnik-institute-at-harvard-medical-school  bpa  c-elegans-worms  chemicals  coenzyme-q10  coq10  monica-colaiacovo

Evaluating hidden risks of herbicides over multiple generations

Research into the gut microbes of wasps shows that exposure to atrazine, a widely used herbicide, leads to changes in the gut microbiome that are passed to future generations. Findings indicate that the microbiomes of insects, including pollinators, and of humans should be considered when evaluating the biorisk of pesticides.

Mary Todd Bergman • harvard
Feb. 4, 2020 ~6 min

Tags:  science-technology  basic-research  environments-sustainability  agrochemicals  herbicides  microbiomes  robert-brucker

Historical view reshapes beliefs about colonization

A new study overturns long-held beliefs about the role humans played in shaping the landscape pre- and post- European colonization.

Clarisse Hart • harvard
Jan. 20, 2020 ~5 min

Tags:  science-technology  biodiversity  fas  environments-sustainability  harvard-forest  land-management  david-foster  forests  nature-sustainability  new-england

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